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ดูรายละเอียด
« เมื่อ: พฤศจิกายน 23, 2006, 03:20:14 PM »

Draft import risk analysis report for prawns
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
http://www.growfish.com.au/content.asp?ContentId=7942

 

Biosecurity Australia has today issued a revised draft import risk analysis (IRA) report assessing the quarantine risks associated with importing prawns and prawn products into Australia.

 

Australia currently allows prawns and prawn products to be imported for human consumption subject to compliance with quarantine conditions intended to manage the risks of yellowhead virus, white spot syndrome virus and Taura syndrome virus. These conditions, which include health certification, on-arrival inspection, as well as testing for WSSV, were introduced progressively from 2000 on an interim basis while the comprehensive risk analysis was being completed.

 

The draft IRA report concludes that five of nine disease agents of potential quarantine concern require quarantine risk management measures if imports are to continue. These are:

    white spot syndrome virus (WSSV)
    yellowhead virus (YHV)
    infectious hypodermal and haematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV)
   Taura syndrome virus (TSV)
    necrotising hepatopancreatitis bacterium (NHPB).

 

The report proposes stronger risk management measures to address these quarantine risks, requiring:

         country or zone disease freedom; or

         removal of the head and shell and testing for WSSV, YHV and IHHNV; or

         a high level of processing for uncooked prawns, for example crumbed prawns, or pastries or dim sum-type products; or

 
         cooking product off-shore with acceptable certification or cooking on-shore under quarantine control.

 

Subject to considering stakeholder comments, Biosecurity Australia intends to recommend strengthening the current interim quarantine measures soon after the end of the comment period, consistent with the measures proposed in the draft report, pending finalisation of the IRA.



Australia takes a conservative approach to quarantine and manages quarantine risks to a very low level.



Biosecurity Australia undertakes science-based risk analyses to assess any quarantine risks associated with applications to import agricultural and other commodities into Australia. The analyses play an important role in keeping Australia free from pests and diseases that occur in other countries.



Issuing the draft IRA report is a key step towards completing an import risk analysis. The report is being issued so that stakeholders can review it, be consulted about its content and provide comments, particularly on scientific and technical issues.



Biosecurity Australia is providing all interested stakeholders with an extended comment period that closes on 21 February 2007. This gives stakeholders 90 days to submit comments, compared with the usual period of 60 days.



The extended comment period takes account of the need for stakeholders to have sufficient time to absorb and comment on the very substantial and detailed material contained in the report. Biosecurity Australia is also mindful that it is a very busy period for many stakeholders and wants to ensure stakeholders are not disadvantaged by seasonal holidays at this time of the year.



All submissions received on this draft IRA report will be taken into account by Biosecurity Australia before being considered by an Eminent Scientists Group. A final report, together with recommendations for a quarantine policy determination, will then be open to appeal before consideration by Australia's Director of Quarantine.



The draft IRA report is available on Biosecurity Australia's website: www.biosecurityaustralia.gov.au

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« ตอบ #1 เมื่อ: ธันวาคม 04, 2006, 11:07:54 AM »




On November 23, 2006, Biosecurity Australia issued a revised draft of its import risk analysis on imported shrimp.

Australia currently allows shrimp and shrimp products to be imported for human consumption subject to compliance with quarantine conditions intended to manage the risks of yellowhead virus, whitespot syndrome virus and Taura syndrome virus. Quarantine conditions include health certificates, on-arrival inspection, and testing for whitespot. Thus far, they have been implemented on an interim basis--while the comprehensive risk analysis is being completed.

The draft report concludes that five of nine shrimp diseases require quarantine risk management measures if imports are to continue:

1. Whitespot syndrome virus (WSSV)
2. Yellowhead virus (YHV)
3. Infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV)
4. Taura syndrome virus (TSV)
5. Necrotizing hepatopancreatitis bacterium (NHPB)

The report proposes some stringent risk management measures:

1. Imports from disease-free regions only
2. Removal of the head and shell to test for WSSV, YHV and IHHNV
3. High standards for uncooked shrimp
4. Disease-free certificates for cooked product
5. Local cooking of imports under quarantine only

After considering stakeholder comments, Biosecurity Australia intends to recommend strengthening the current interim quarantine measures, consistent with the measures proposed above.

Australia takes a conservative approach to quarantine. Biosecurity Australia undertakes science-based analyses to assess the risks associated with agricultural imports. Their analyses play an important role in keeping Australia free from pests and diseases that occur in other countries.

A final report, together with recommendations for a quarantine policy, will then be open to appeal before consideration by Australia's Director of Quarantine.

The draft report is available on Biosecurity Australia's website: www.biosecurityaustralia.gov.au.

Source: GROWfish (Gippsland Aquaculture Industry Network, Inc., http://www.growfish.com.au/default.asp). GROWfish eNewsletter (subscribehtml@growfish.com.au). Draft import risk analysis report for prawns (http://www.growfish.com.au/content.asp?contentid=7942). November 23, 2006.
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« ตอบ #2 เมื่อ: ธันวาคม 04, 2006, 11:10:11 AM »




Biosecurity Australia's recommendations for tougher quarantine restrictions on shrimp imports will effectively end shrimp imports into Australia. Federal Fisheries Minister Eric Abetz said if the draft recommendations are adopted, most of the countries that currently send shrimp to Australia would not be able to prove they are free of shrimp diseases. Abetz said, "I doubt at this stage that there would be any countries which would be able to satisfy this requirement, but there may well be countries that do have a shrimp farming industry or a wild catch fishery that is disease free and in those circumstances they would be allowed to export to Australia."

Source: ABC Rural. Stronger quarantine conditions for imported prawns recommended (http://www.abc.net.au/rural/news/content/2006/s1796623.htm). November 24, 2006.
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« ตอบ #3 เมื่อ: ธันวาคม 07, 2006, 10:58:46 PM »

Phusade Arunmas

Thai shrimpers yesterday submitted a letter to protest against Australia's ban on shrimp imports even before its import risk analysis is completed.

 

Biosecurity Australia, a government agency, is in the process of drafting the import risk analysis for prawns, which would propose measures, including a ban, to be taken on shipments that could be hazardous to Australian consumers. Comments on the draft can be submitted until February before the analysis is approved and takes effect.

 

Yet Canberra banned all prawn and shrimp imports on Monday at the request of the state of Queensland after detecting white spot syndrome virus in a number of shipments from Thailand, according to Apiradi Tantraporn, the director-general of the Foreign Trade Department.

 

Viewing the move as unfair, Thai officials will also discuss the issue at a forum on the Thailand-Australia free trade agreement next week.

 

''The ban should take effect only where the disease is found, not from the entire country,'' she said.

 

Ekapoj Yodpinij, president of the Shrimp Farmers Club of Surat Thani, which represents Thai shrimpers, noted that the Australian government had announced a blanket ban on shrimp not only from Thailand but also from all countries.

 

''This shows insincerity in its part and is unfair to other countries. Australia has tried to protect its own shrimp industry which is located mostly in Queensland,'' Mr Ekapoj said.

 

He said the ban would definitely affect shrimp farmers in Thailand and other countries.

 

The Thai shrimp farmers' clubs yesterday submitted their complaint to the Australian government through its embassy in Bangkok.

 

Thailand exported 10,421 tonnes of shrimp worth 2,401 million baht in 2005 and 8,604 tonnes worth 2,075 million baht in 2004.

 

The country has shipped 16,223 tonnes of shrimp worth 1.88 billion baht for 10 months until October this year, which increased 95.93% but decreased in value about 1.2% comparing with the same period as last year, exported 8,285 tonnes at 1,906 million bath worth.

 

Editor’s Note

To allow the import of any biological product or species prior to an Import Risk Assessment being completed would be negligent in the extreme.  Australia has already had a brush with White Spot which came into the country in fish feed and cost hundreds of thousands (if not millions) of dollars to contain.  GAIN fully supports the import ban of any raw prawns from anywhere in the world that has any chance of introducing diseases that are not endemic to our waters.

 

The cost of getting it wrong is too high and there is no way to get this particular genie back into the bottle if it gets established here.

Source or related URL: http://www.bangkokpost.com
 
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« ตอบ #4 เมื่อ: ธันวาคม 16, 2006, 01:29:38 PM »

Source: The Nation  World News    16/12/2006 13:09:50

 
 

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------


Agriculture Minister Thira Sutabutra said this week his ministry would set up a task force to solve problems created by Australia's recently introduced restrictive measures against Thai shrimp.



Thira said the committee would consist of representatives from the Fisheries Department, related agencies and the private sector. The committee will prepare the information for the ministry in negotiating with the Australian government.

 

Australia's Biosecurity Agency recently recommended tighter sanitary requirements for shrimp imports.

 

Thira said the ministry planned to submit a report to the Australian agency by mid-February. It will then invite Australian officials to come to Thailand to inspect shrimp-farming standards here.

 

Earlier, Thai shrimp-exporters claimed that the recently introduced measures included, for instance, a requirement to have shrimp heated to a temperature that would make them decompose to the point where they could not be exported.

 

At the same time, the ministry has asked the Fisheries Department to closely monitor the situation of export markets in all of the Kingdom's trading partners.

 
 
 Source or related URL: http://nationmultimedia.com
 
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« ตอบ #5 เมื่อ: ธันวาคม 18, 2006, 08:34:54 PM »




On Monday, December 4, 2006, Australia banned all shrimp imports after the State of Queensland detected whitespot syndrome virus in a number of shipments from Thailand, according to Apiradi Tantraporn, the director-general of the Thai Foreign Trade Department. She said, "The ban should take effect only where the disease is found, not from the entire country." Ekapoj Yodpinij, president of the Shrimp Farmers Club of Surat Thani, which represents Thai shrimpers, noted that the Australian government had announced a blanket ban on shrimp not only from Thailand but also from all countries.

Source: The Bangkok Post. Shrimpers cry foul over new Australia ban (http://www.bangkokpost.com/Business/07Dec2006_biz99.php). Phusadee Arunmas. December 7, 2006
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« ตอบ #6 เมื่อ: ธันวาคม 18, 2006, 08:44:17 PM »

Australia
Previous Item "Totally Incorrect"

Harry Peters, Chairman of the Seafood Importers Association of Australasia, Inc., says the above report is "totally incorrect". Peters says the state of Queensland has not banned shrimp imports. He says the report of whitespot-infected shrimp in supermarkets is a total untruth and that no validated positive tests of whitespot-infected shrimp have been confirmed anywhere in Australia.

But Peters admits that the controls that are likely to go into effect in February 2007 would probably prevent the importation of whole raw shrimp and add such onerous testing costs to processed shrimp that volumes would be dramatically reduced and prices would certainly rise significantly. In fact, with only one or two laboratories capable of doing the tests, trade would cease within weeks. Almost all the raw shrimp currently sold in Australia is imported.

Peters said: "Queensland fishermen and shrimp farmers have been lobbying furiously for this outcome, with the help of many influential politicians in regional areas, for the past year. ...The crux of the matter is a concern by Biosecurity Australia that anglers could purchase imported raw frozen shrimp for bait and thus potentially introduce exotic viruses to local shrimp populations. ...For disease to enter this way, an angler would have to acquire shrimp that were infected, very unlikely given that we already test for these viruses before being permitted entry. The angler would have to ignore warnings advising not to use imported shrimp as bait, and then somehow get that bait to make contact with a live shrimp (not the target species for angling), all before the potential disease is diluted by water or the bait is consumed by fish (which wouldn't be affected by the disease). Even if a shrimp did make contact with the bait, the risk of a viral disease spreading in a healthy, wild population is extremely low, and any 'sick' shrimp would immediately fall prey to fish. The probabilities at each of these stages diminish so much that the risk is infinitesimal, which is why these diseases have never reached here despite thousands of tons of shrimp being imported over the past decade. Most scientists acknowledge this."

The Government intends to introduce the new measures immediately after the 90-day consultation period ends in February 2007.

Sources: 1. Email to Shrimp News International. Subject: Re: FW: [shrimp] News = Australia Bans Shrimp Imports. From: Harry Peters (harryp@marineproduct.com.au). December 9, 2006. 2. SIAA (Shrimp Importers Association of Australia) Media Release. Prawn Prices to Skyrocket. December 4, 2006.

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« ตอบ #7 เมื่อ: ธันวาคม 18, 2006, 09:18:39 PM »

Australia
Previous Item "Totally Incorrect"

Harry Peters, Chairman of the Seafood Importers Association of Australasia, Inc., says the above report is "totally incorrect". Peters says the state of Queensland has not banned shrimp imports. He says the report of whitespot-infected shrimp in supermarkets is a total untruth and that no validated positive tests of whitespot-infected shrimp have been confirmed anywhere in Australia.

But Peters admits that the controls that are likely to go into effect in February 2007 would probably prevent the importation of whole raw shrimp and add such onerous testing costs to processed shrimp that volumes would be dramatically reduced and prices would certainly rise significantly. In fact, with only one or two laboratories capable of doing the tests, trade would cease within weeks. Almost all the raw shrimp currently sold in Australia is imported.

Peters said: "Queensland fishermen and shrimp farmers have been lobbying furiously for this outcome, with the help of many influential politicians in regional areas, for the past year. ...The crux of the matter is a concern by Biosecurity Australia that anglers could purchase imported raw frozen shrimp for bait and thus potentially introduce exotic viruses to local shrimp populations. ...For disease to enter this way, an angler would have to acquire shrimp that were infected, very unlikely given that we already test for these viruses before being permitted entry. The angler would have to ignore warnings advising not to use imported shrimp as bait, and then somehow get that bait to make contact with a live shrimp (not the target species for angling), all before the potential disease is diluted by water or the bait is consumed by fish (which wouldn't be affected by the disease). Even if a shrimp did make contact with the bait, the risk of a viral disease spreading in a healthy, wild population is extremely low, and any 'sick' shrimp would immediately fall prey to fish. The probabilities at each of these stages diminish so much that the risk is infinitesimal, which is why these diseases have never reached here despite thousands of tons of shrimp being imported over the past decade. Most scientists acknowledge this."

The Government intends to introduce the new measures immediately after the 90-day consultation period ends in February 2007.

Sources: 1. Email to Shrimp News International. Subject: Re: FW: [shrimp] News = Australia Bans Shrimp Imports. From: Harry Peters (harryp@marineproduct.com.au). December 9, 2006. 2. SIAA (Shrimp Importers Association of Australia) Media Release. Prawn Prices to Skyrocket. December 4, 2006.
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