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Country Reports from shrimpnews.com

Cell Turnover Rates in Crustacean Blood

Hi, I was wondering if anyone could point me to some literature that discusses cell turnover rates in decapod crustacean blood and/or organ and muscle tissue. I am specifically interested in finding out which tissues in decapod crustaceans proliferate regularly and have a short functional lifespan.

Source: The Crust-L Mailing list (To subscribe, send an email to LISTPROC@VIMS.EDU. In the body of the email, put SUBSCRIBE CRUST-L). Subject: [CRUST-L:1771] (No subject). From: Glenn (gdunshea@postoffice.utas.edu.au). March 29, 2006.

Clubs, Machetes, Brickbats and Crowbars

On March 26, 2006, fifteen people, including four policemen, were injured in a clash over possession of a shrimp farm in Khulna, in southwestern Bangladesh. According to eyewitnesses, hoodlums hired by Majid Goldar launched an attack on villagers who resisted his illegal occupation of the shrimp farm. Both groups used clubs, machetes, brickbats and crowbars during the clash. Police hurled six tear gas shells and charged with batons held high to disperse the unruly people who were locked in the clash for over half an hour. Police arrested Majid, who masterminded the attack, and deployed additional security forces to protect the village.

Source: The Daily Star (committed to the "People's Right to Know"). 15 hurt as villagers clash in Khulna (http://www.thedailystar.net/2006/03/27/d60327100180.htm). March 27, 2006.

Laboratory of Aquaculture at the Artemia Reference Center

In a recent study, a standardized intramuscular inoculation procedure was used to evaluate the effects of high water temperature on the virological and clinical outcome of whitespot.

The study results showed that raising water temperature to 33°C after whitespot inoculation was sufficient to prevent WSSV-induced mortality. Using high water temperatures before inoculation had no protective effect.

The shrimp kept at 33°C after inoculation were negative for WSSV, which demonstrated that infection, or at least the replication of the virus, was blocked by the high water temperature.

Source: The Global Aquaculture Advocate (http://www.gaalliance.org). Editor, Darryl Jory (dejry2525@aol.com). High Water Temperature Affects WSSV Management. Victoria Alday-Sanz, Ph.D. (Aquatic Animal Health Consultant, Otterstraat 70 9200, Dendermonde, Belgium, email victoria_alday@yahoo.com). Coauthors: C.M. Escobedo-Bonilla, M.M. Rahman, M. Corteel, J.J. Dantas-Lima, M.B. Pensaert, H.J. Nauwynck, M. Wille and P. Sorgeloos. Volume 9, Issue 1, Page 74, February/March 2006.

New Organization

In March 2006, at a national shrimp exhibition in Natal Province, Somsak Paneetatyasai, president of the Thai Shrimp Association, and Itamar Rocha, president of the Brazilian Shrimp Farmers Association, floated the idea of a global shrimp producers organization to coordinate production and harvests. Rocha said that shrimp farmers in Indonesia, Colombia, Mexico, Honduras and Venezuela had shown interest in the plan. He said that Ecuador was interested, but wanted the group to operate at the company level, rather than at the country level.

Information: Itamar de Paiva Rocha, President of the Brazilian Shrimp Farmers Association and President of MCR Aquaculture, Ltda., Av. Flávio Maroja, 39 Tambiá, João Pessoa, PB CEP 58020-630 Brasil (phone 55-83-222-3561, fax 55-83-222-4538, email mcr@netwaybbs.com.br, webpage www.mcraquacultura.com.br).

Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service). Idea of Global Shrimp Producers organization floated at FENACAM Conference in Brazil. Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com). March 30, 2006.

Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Aquaculture Co., Inc.

Started in November 2005, Saipan Aquaculture Co., Inc., is the first shrimp farm in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a nation of fourteen tropical island in the western Pacific Ocean. Owned and managed by Pellegrino Holdings, the farm expects its first harvest of 1,200 pounds of specific pathogen-free Pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) soon. Pellegrino said the farm would sell the harvested shrimp locally and export postlarvae to farmers in other countries.

Right now, Pellegrino said that he buys his broodstock from the University of Guam. In six months to a year, he hopes that the farm will be self-sufficient in broodstock. "That's the reason why we put up our own hatchery. We don't want to keep buying from outside. We will supply our own needs and we will export postlarvae," he said. The company has invested over $200,000 in its hatchery and farm and expects to spend another $300,000 to complete its business plan.

Source: Saipan Tribune (newspaper, Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands). Saipan Aquaculture to harvest 40K shrimps (http://www.saipantribune.com/newsstory.aspx?cat=1&newsID=56227). Marconi Calindas. April 1, 2006.

Dominican Republic
Intern Position Open

An intern position for an undergraduate or postgraduate student is open at a semi-intensive shrimp farm near Barahona. The owner is experimenting with several IMR (intense microbial reuse) ponds and needs an intern or two to assist the farm manager. Interns will receive travel expenses to and from the Dominican Republic, a room and a stipend.

Information: David Drennan, 7339 NW 54 Street, RD# 10531, Miami, Florida 33166 USA (phone 809-470-0416, fax 809-616-8619, cell 809-327-7945, email dpd@verizon.net.do).

Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Cheryl Shew (cheryl.shew@zeiglerfeed.com) at Zeigler Bros., Inc., on March 31, 2006.

Japonicus For Sale

At the end of April 2006, we will have Penaeus japonicus postlarvae for sale from our hatchery in northeastern Greece. Information: Fernando Castro (emagroclt@yahoo.com).

Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, "shrimp-subscribe@yahoogroups.com"). Subject: [shrimp] Japonicas PLs. From: emagroclt@yahoo.com. April 6, 2006.

Saudi Arabia
Arabian Shrimp Company and Raytheon Company

Arabian Shrimp Company--a joint venture that includes the Saudi Offset Limited Partnership [Raytheon Company], Aqua Farms Corporation, Aquad Company for Commerce and the Arab Authority for Agriculture Investment and Development--is developing a 5,000-hectare integrated shrimp farm on the Red Sea north of Jazan, Saudi Arabia. The project is supported by the Saudi Ministry of Agriculture.

Raytheon Company, a USA corporation with sales of $21.9 billion in 2005 and an industry leader in defense and government electronics, space, information technology, technical services and special mission aircraft, supplied shrimp technology and training for the project.

Information: Guy Shields (phone 978-858-5246), Raytheon Company (http://www.raytheon.com).

Source: 1. TradeArabia News Service (business news and information). Arabian Shrimp Farm wins OECD award (http://www.tradearabia.com/tanews/newsdetails_snAGRI_article100779.html). February 18, 2006. 2. PRNewswire.com (online news releases). Raytheon's Saudi Offset Limited Partnership Program Earns International Award (http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/03-27-2006/0004327507&EDATE=). March 27, 2006.

Florida-AREA, Webpage for Aerator

AREA, which supplies shrimp farms and hatcheries with aeration and heating/chilling systems, has created a website for its new "Modern Air" aerator. Want to know how much it costs? Want to know what you get for your money? Go to www.modernairaerator.com. In the tabs across the top of the page, look for "Shrimp Production", first click on Page 1, then on page 2.

Source: Site visit on April 3, 2006.

Mass Mortalities, Prices Soar

Mass mortalities occur on shrimp farms in the Mekong River Delta, the center of the country's huge shrimp farming industry.

Ca Mau Province, the biggest producer in the Delta, reports losses of 20 to 80 percent from hundreds of thousands of hectares of ponds. Thousands of farmers cannot pay their bank loans.

Because of the shortage, prices to the farmer have jumped to $10 a kilo. The shortage is forecast to last until mid-May or June 2006, when the next crop is due. Seafood processors worry about the shortage lasting longer than predicted.

[The cause of the mortalities was not given.]

Sources: 1. Vietnam Net Bridge (a state-owned enterprise within the Vietnam Post and Telecommunications Corporation). Prices soar, shrimp die, plants thirsty for materials (http://english.vietnamnet.vn/wo/2006/04/556233/). Lao Dong. April 2, 2006. 2. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, April 2, 2006.

Moana Technologies, LLC

Moana Technologies, LLC, of Kona, Hawaii, USA, has initiated two agreements with the Fisheries Ministry to distribute its SPF (specific pathogen-free) black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) seedstock in southern Vietnam. Moana Technologies, a producer of genetically improved P. monodon broodstock and seedstock, believes its products and technology will "revolutionize the black tiger shrimp industry" in Vietnam. Moana is discussing similar projects with Thailand, Indonesia, India and China and has also developed a large portfolio of related technologies that it intends to commercialize.

Source: Fish Farming International (http://www.fishfarming.co.uk). Editor, Kenny McCaffrey (kenny.mccaffrey@informa.com). Hawaii Deal Safeguards Vietnamese Black Tigers (p.leger@inve.be). Volume 33, Number 3, Page 24, March 2006.

USA Technology

At a shrimp farming workshop in Ho Chi Minh City sponsored by the Overseas Vietnamese Business Club and the US-Viet Nam Trade Centre (Seattle, Washington, USA), Tran Van Nguyen, a biochemist and president of the Stanford Technology Network Company (San Jose, California, USA), discussed USA methods for the "industrial cultivation of safe shrimp", while protecting the environment and preventing disease.

Source: VNA (Vietnam News Agency, the Ministry of Culture and Information). US shares methods for safe shrimp cultivation (http://www.vnagency.com.vn/NewsA.asp?LANGUAGE_ID=2&CATEGORY_ID=30&NEWS_ID=192771). March 29, 2006.


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