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ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: Shrimp shortage contrasts with tra export boom  (อ่าน 2418 ครั้ง)
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« เมื่อ: กรกฎาคม 22, 2010, 10:43:13 AM »


Farmed pangasius processing at factory. (Photo: WWF, Flavio Corsin)

Shrimp shortage contrasts with tra export boom

VIET NAM
Thursday, July 22, 2010, 03:30 (GMT + 9)



Some shrimp processors are running at one-third capacity due to the shrimp shortage while tra fish (pangasius) exports have boomed due to a focus on quality.

Shrimp and tra fish constituted almost 70 per cent of the country’s seafood exports in 2009. Exports have been growing since, but low shrimp stocks are affecting processors.

The Mekong Delta has exported over 300,000 tonnes of tra fish in the first half of this year for USD 640 million. The region has thereby attained over 50 per cent of its 2010 target, obtaining a 19.4 per cent boost in quantity and a 11.6 per cent amplification in value despite a low global prices, reports Nhan Dan.

In the first half of this year, exported shrimp prices escalated by 84 per cent in France, 20 per cent in Japan and 7 per cent in the US.

Secretary General of the Vietnam Association of Seafood Exporters and Producers (VASEP) Truong Dinh Hoe said numerous plants in the Mekong Delta and the central region are processing at 30-50 per cent capacity due to the shrimp shortage caused by bad weather, seasonality and climbing demand, reports VietNamNet.

Only a small amount of Vietnamese shrimp processors and exporters own farms, and they choose to buy from private shrimp farmers.

"Shrimp prices are unstable compared to other export products like tra fish. Shrimps are very sensitive to weather change, environment and diseases, which is why processors like to pass the buck to farmers," Hoe explained.

Many shrimp factories have stopped working since February, when El Niño pummeled shrimp farms. Some factories are processing imported shrimps and switched business strategies while they wait for next shrimp season.

Tran Van Linh, director of Thuan Phuoc Seafoods and Trading Corporation in Danang City, informed that the drastic shortage in the central region led him to sign bigger contracts.

"Big contracts mean we can pay farmers more and boost our competitiveness," he noted.

This shift has helped him retain 60-70 per cent of capacity at his factory.

Additional Vietnamese seafood producers are acquiring international quality certificates to draw major markets such as the US, the European Union (EU) and Japan, according to VASEP.

Vietnamese tra fish and shrimp exporters have seen plentiful temporary embargoes in the past from Russia and the US due to microorganism or antibiotics contamination. Increasing numbers of Mekong Delta producers and exporters have thus been applying for quality certificates such as EurepGAP, GlobalGap and HACCP to meet higher quality requirements.

The government anticipates that tra fish will remain a key export product and approved a project to develop tra production and sales in the Mekong Delta until 2020. The government will invest over USD 42 million.

The total output for 2010 is forecast to swell to 1.5 million tonnes worth USD 1.5 billion.

In the first half of 2010, Vietnamese seafood processors exported USD 1.83 billion of products, a 18.5 per cent increase versus last year. The Ministry of Industry and Trade expects total seafood exports to reach USD 4.7 billion, a 6.8 per cent rise from 2009.

Related articles:

- Tra exports to Russia face hurdles
- Seafood exports hurt by falling euro
- 2010 export target of USD 4.5 bln feasible

By Natalia Real
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com


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