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ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: Just 400 shrimp farms launch regularisation process  (อ่าน 2249 ครั้ง)
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« เมื่อ: มกราคม 19, 2010, 07:38:49 AM »


Aerial view of shrimp farms. (Photo: Jose Eduardo Holguin Wilson)

Just 400 shrimp farms launch regularisation process
ECUADOR
Tuesday, January 19, 2010, 02:30 (GMT + 9)


Barely 400 of the 1,500 illegal shrimp farms that are estimated to operate in the provinces of Guayas, Manabi, Esmeraldas and El Oro initiated the regularisation process implemented by the national government, which expires next 31 March.

Some 400 files corresponding to 10,750 sown hectares were reviewed through December 2009, reveals the Subsecretary of Aquaculture, Jose Centanaro.

According to the National Directorate of Aquatic Spaces (DIRNEA), altogether 175,748 hectares dedicated to shrimp farming production exist.

A petition put forth by the National Aquaculture Chamber (CNA) spurred sector reform at the national level as of 15 October 2008.

The initiative aims to control activities that the sector develops, which represent about 200 million pounds per year, more than USD 500 million in export and nearly 20,000 jobs, without including indirect labour.

Regularisation includes:

Worker affiliation to Social Security;
Possessing certificates of occupational health and the fulfilment of the Tributary Law;
Compliance with reforestation plans in a technical and sustainable manner.
Some 2,500 shrimp farming centres exist in the coastal sector, explains Diego Rodriguez, head of the Coast Department of DIRNEA, the entity with which the regularisation is coordinated. Of that total, 1,000 shrimp farms possess are fully documented and 1,500 operate illegally.

In any case, he clarified that some companies will not be permitted to regularise, as their operations began in 1999, when their installation was no longer allowed.

“Those shrimp farms will have to return the lands to the State,” Rodriguez told El Universo.

There are 258 shrimp farming centres (17,400 hectares) in Puna, discloses data furnished by DIRNEA. Of these, 113 operate legally and comply with the requirements, 115 are illegal and must rectify their situation, and the others are illegal or on high land.

There are also four illegal farms (29.48 hectares) and 26 that are located on high lands, which tally 7,254.96 hectares.

Meanwhile, Cesar Monge, CNA president, mentioned that the shrimp farming sector of Puna registered USD 46 million in losses through September 2009.

He further clarified that the problem in the island does not lie with the large companies, as they have the economic capacity to comply with regularisation, but with the small and mid-sized companies, which will have difficulties in the reforestation process – a major expense.

Centanaro noted that the shrimp farms that do not comply with that stipulated by the government will be evacuated and subsequently remain in the hands of the State.

By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com


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