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« เมื่อ: สิงหาคม 17, 2009, 08:32:39 PM »

Thailand; GLOBALGAP Certification, Shrimp Farmers Half Way There

 
Among various certification schemes for shrimp products, the recent emergence of GLOBALGAP (previously known as EuropGAP) standards initiated by EU retailers has drawn attention and concern in Thailand as yet another standard to comply with.  Although Thailand contributes 30% to the global shrimp production, the market share of Thai shrimp in the EU is only 3%.  Therefore, GLOBALGAP could be viewed as a marketing strategy to increase market access in EU countries.
 
In order to research the current compliance levels vis-à-vis the newly launched GLOBALGAP standard, the Fisheries and Environmental Science Department of Kasetsart University with technical and financial support from the National Metrology Institute of Germany (PTB) in cooperation with German Technical Cooperation (GTZ) conducted a study to determine how difficult it would be for Thai shrimp farms to comply with GLOBALGAP standards.  Eighteen inland and coastal farms were sampled in central, east and south Thailand.  The sample represented typical shrimp farming practices in the country.  The farms were audited clause-by-clause against the GLOBALGAP standards.
 
The audit indicated that the farms complied with nearly half of the GLOBALGAP standards.
 
Small-scale farmers in particular are concerned about the costs related to implementation and certification processes.  Furthermore, there is no incentive for them to adopt the standards as no premium price is guaranteed.  Most importantly, they are apprehensive whether markets will demand GLOBALGAP-certified shrimp.  Moreover, as some have their own codes of practice, it is doubtful whether buyers will take GLOBALGAP into account for pre-selecting their suppliers.
 
Source: Aquaculture Asia Magazine.  GLOBALGAP Standard in Thai Shrimp Farms: Mission (Im)possible?  Leepaisomboon, T., Chuchird, N., Limsuwan, C., Steenbruggen, E.R., and Mungkung, R. (fscirwm@ku.ac.th, Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, P.O. Box 1072, Kasetsart Post Office, Chatuchak, Bangkok 10903 Thailand).  Volume 14, Number-2, April-June 2009.
 
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