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1  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Wild Fish Species Threatened In Bangladesh เมื่อ: มกราคม 05, 2011, 10:48:47 AM
Wild Fish Species Threatened In Bangladesh

BANGLADESH - More than 20 species have been lost in the last decade and another 100 are on the endangered list.
Around 20 species of indigenous fish have become extinct over the last 10 years for use of current nets, insecticides and chemical fertilisers and depletion of habitats, researchers say.

Daily Star of Bangladesh reports that, if the trend continues, nearly 70 per cent of the local fish varieties may suffer the same fate in the next few years, they warn.

Around 100 out of 143 local fish species are in imminent danger of extinction, reveals a study conducted by Dr Mostafa Ali Reza Hossain, professor of fisheries biology and genetics at Bangladesh Agriculture University.

"Some will cease to exist even in the next two years unless measures for their conservation are taken immediately," observed Professor Mostafa Ali.

According to the study, the species that have already gone extinct include gutum, korika, bhol, debari, one kind of puti, ghora mukhya, nandil, kursa, bhorkhol, ghorpoiya, one kind of tengra and kajuli, torrent catfish, kani tengra, chhoto koi and tila shol.

The fish that face extinction within a couple of years include balichata, betangi, rani, chela, darkina, pathorchata, joiya, ghora machh, baitka and mohashol.

Syed Arif Azad, aquaculture officer of the fisheries department, said excessive use of chemical fertilisers destroys breeding and rearing grounds of the fish.

Fish habitats have been disappearing fast also for people moving in to build houses and other structures.

In fiscal year 2008-2009 alone, more than three million tonnes of chemical fertilisers and 45,000 tonnes of insecticides were used in farmlands across the country, according to Department of Agriculture Extension data.

Rains wash away nearly 25 per cent of these fertilisers and insecticides to nearby ditches, canals and wetlands. This instantly destroys the natural habitats of fish species.

To make matters worse, excessive fishing and encroachment of water bodies continue unabated.

"The basic problem is that there are too few fishes being chased by too many people," said William Collis, regional director of World Food Centre, an affiliate to Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), a global body.

He said: "Fish are long-term resources. They need permanent protection, and to ensure that, a country needs long term plans to protect its wetlands."

However, things are not all bleak. The government has established a number of sanctuaries across the country to restore fish habitats and maintain fish diversity, said Arif Azad.

Professor Mostafa Ali said sanctuaries are the most effective and efficient tool for protecting fish. But the problem lies in having proper guidelines on how to build and manage the sanctuaries.

"Sperm banking for fish has to be set up to protect the fast depleting species," he told Daily Star.

He also stressed intensifying and expanding the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) programme to save crops from pest attacks and combat environmental degradation caused by pesticides.

The IPM is a system of protecting crops from insects without using insecticides.

On cross-breeding of fish species, Arif Azad said it threatens diversity of fish, as it could strip the local fish species of their original features.

The existing fish policy is being reviewed, and crossbreeding of fish might be banned, he added.

Tuesday, January 04, 2011
2  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Ag Secretary Calls For Truce In GM Debate เมื่อ: มกราคม 05, 2011, 10:45:15 AM
Ag Secretary Calls For Truce In GM Debate

US - Following recent developments in the approval of genetically modified (GM) alfalfa (lucerne), Agriculture Secretary, Tom Vilsack, has written an open letter to stakeholders to urge the co-existence of GM modified and non-GM crops and aquaculture.
Agriculture Secretary Vilsack's letter says: "Complexity surrounds American agriculture today. With the recent announcement of USDA's final Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for genetically engineered (GE) Roundup Ready alfalfa and the subsequent meeting to bring together diverse stakeholders for a dialogue, USDA has taken decisive steps toward looking at possible approaches to alfalfa production coexistence that are reasonable and practical.

"These actions have generated tremendous interest in USDA's and my intentions regarding our ability to objectively regulate GE agricultural products and whether we are focused enough on science. I have tremendous confidence in our existing regulatory system and no doubts about the safety of the products this system has approved and will continue to approve. As a regulatory agency, sound science and decisions based on this science are our priority, and science strongly supports the safety of GE alfalfa. But, agricultural issues are always complex and rarely lend themselves to simple solutions. Therefore, we have an obligation to carefully consider USDA's 2,300 page EIS, which acknowledges the potential of cross-fertilization to non-GE alfalfa from GE alfalfa – a significant concern for farmers who produce for non-GE markets at home and abroad.

"The rapid adoption of GE crops has clashed with the rapid expansion of demand for organic and other non-GE products. This clash led to litigation and uncertainty. Such litigation will potentially lead to the courts deciding who gets to farm their way and who will be prevented from doing so.

"Regrettably, what the criticism we have received on our GE alfalfa approach suggests, is how comfortable we have become with litigation – with one side winning and one side losing – and how difficult it is to pursue compromise. Surely, there is a better way, a solution that acknowledges agriculture's complexity, while celebrating and promoting its diversity. By continuing to bring stakeholders together in an attempt to find common ground where the balanced interests of all sides could be advanced, we at USDA are striving to lead an effort to forge a new paradigm based on coexistence and cooperation. If successful, this effort can ensure that all forms of agriculture thrive so that food can remain abundant, affordable, and safe," concludes Secretary Vilsack.

TheFishSite News Desk
Tuesday, January 04, 2011
3  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Animal Medicines: Change To Sales เมื่อ: มกราคม 05, 2011, 10:38:16 AM
Animal Medicines: Change To Sales

UK - New controls to reassure people that the medicines they buy for their animals are safe have been announced by the Veterinary Medicine Directorate (VMD).

The controls will mean that only approved websites will be legally allowed to dispense and supply veterinary medicinal products. Customers will be able to see the approved status of veterinary medicine websites by looking out for a logo which all registered websites will display.

The British Veterinary Association (BVA) has welcomed the tightening up of sales of veterinary medicines on the internet but is disappointed that the advertising of antimicrobials to farmers will continue.

The new regulations, which come into force in April 2011, introduce new controls on internet pharmacies meaning that only approved websites will be legally allowed to dispense and supply veterinary medicines. The BVA has previously expressed concern that pet owners could inadvertently buy counterfeit veterinary medicines online and urges veterinary clients to seek advice from their vet and only buy from UK-based companies.

In light of increasing concerns about the growth of antimicrobial resistance the VMD’s consultation canvassed views on restricting the advertising of antimicrobials to farmers. The BVA supported this measure as a sensible approach to the responsible use of antimicrobials. The BVA is therefore disappointed that the VMD has decided not to go ahead with the ban on advertising.

Harvey Locke, President of the BVA, said: “New antimicrobials are heavily advertised by pharmaceutical companies to vets and farmers so it is vital that the message of responsible use is not lost. Antimicrobial resistance is a serious issue for both animal and human health and we are disappointed that the VMD is not restricting the advertising of these products to farmers. The pharmaceutical companies must now undertake to advertise responsibly.

“Ultimately, it is the veterinary surgeon who will make the decision on which veterinary products to use and vets and farmers should work together to ensure antimicrobials are used prudently and responsibly.”

TheFishSite News Desk
Tuesday, January 04, 2011
4  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / China's Fisheries Maintain Rapid Development เมื่อ: มกราคม 05, 2011, 10:33:00 AM
China's Fisheries Maintain Rapid Development

CHINA - Steady and rapid development of the Chinese fishing sector has continued, according to the Ministry of Agriculture.

Over the past five years,the output of aquatic products has kept an annual growth rate of about four per cent with continuously improved product mix and steadily raised quality and safety, which has ensured effective and safe supply of these products. It is expected that the total output may reach 53.50 million tons in 2010, the value of total output top 1,200 billion yuan (CNY), and per capita average income come up to CNY8,963 with annual average growth rate of 8.8 per cent.

Increased policy measures to support fisheries and benefit fishermen
Incomplete statistics show that funds from the central government for fisheries in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan has increased by 700 per cent over the Tenth Five-Year Plan period that has totaled up to CNY37 billion with focus on subsidies for fishery policy enforcement, fishing harbours, preservation of resources, multiplication of improved breeds and livelihoods of fishermen. Governments at all levels have given more attention to fishermen's welfare through increasing subsidies for diesel for fishing vessels and fishery insurance premium, ensuring subsistence allowances of poor fishermen and resettlement of fishermen on land. The policy on diesel subsidies that has introduced in the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period has helped relieve fishermen's financial burden imposed by sharp increase of diesel prices.

Improved industrial structure
In the process of development, industries in this field have attached closer attention to improvement of quality and benefits as well as preservation and sustainable use of resources. To this end, good practices of aquaculture have been introduced. All together, more than 10 million mu of fish ponds have been transformed; 17 aquatic genetics and breeding centre, 312 aquatic seed-stock farms and 1771 standardised fishing demonstration farms/areas have been established, which has promoted rapid development of intensified fishing farming practices and raised the ratio of fishing farming and catching from 66:34 to 71:29.

The domestic fish catching sector has remained stable and in good order as a result of improved structure of fishing vessels. Deep-sea fishing has continued to improve its structure. As a result, the ratio of high seas fishery has increased from 46 per cent to 58 per cent.

Processing capacity of aquatic products has been increased by over 30 per cent, and international standards on quality of processed products have been adopted step by step. Vigorously developed pet-fish farming has become a new highlight in stimulating growth of fishmen's income and satisfying diversified consumer needs. For five consecutive years, the acceptance rate of aquatic products tested at producing places has been over 96 per cent along with steadily improved quality and safety.

Progress made in all respects of preservation of aquatic resources
Releasing aquatic organism for enhancement purpose has made remarkable progress. Up to now, a total of CNY2.097 billion has been invested for such purpose, and 108.99 billion fry of various species have been released. Over these years, regional small-scale releasing has developed into nationwide large-scale one, making tremendous benefits ecologically, economically and socially.

The fishing moratorium system for marine summer season and the Yangzi River has been improved and consolidated. Four new national nature reserves have been set up, bringing the total to 16, and 220 national aquatic germplasm reserves are under establishment. Rapid progress has been made in developing marine pastures and artificial fish reefs.

Increased capability for comprehensive management in fisheries
The Real Right Law 2007 identifies the attribute of fish farming right and fishing right. In accordance with this law, the Ministry of Agriculture has issued and implemented the Measures for Licensing and Registration of Aquaculture in Waters and Shoals, organised work related to fishery planning of waters and shoals as well as licensing, carried out law enforcement on quality and safety of aquatic products and on fish farming.

Reform has been carried out in fishery statistics system. A network for collection of fishery basic information has been put in place, the commanding system of fishery policy enforcement and the national communication network of marine fishery safety have been established and put into extensive use. In all, 528 new vessels for fishery law enforcement have been built, bringing the total to 2,287.

TheFishSite News Desk
Tuesday, January 04, 2011
5  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Landmark Year For Veterinary Profession Ahead เมื่อ: มกราคม 05, 2011, 10:28:47 AM
Landmark Year For Veterinary Profession Ahead

GLOBAL - Dr Bernard Vallat, Director General of the World Organisation for
Animal Health (OIE) says 2011 is a landmark year for the veterinary profession around the world.

According to Dr Bernard Vallat: "In 1761, Claude Bourgelat managed to persuade King Louis XV of France of the need to train specialists to treat animal diseases.

"By decision of the King, the world's first veterinary school was established in Lyons, France. Bourgelat was a true visionary. He had secured the King's support because rinderpest was ravaging Europe's countryside and ruining the rural economy. At that time, horse health was crucial to a powerful army and Bourgelat must surely have argued this to support his case.

"Bourgelat also pioneered the concept of comparative pathobiology between humans and animals. He was the first to claim that animal diseases could usefully be studied to gain a better understanding of human diseases. The 'One Health' concept was born!

"After Lyons, a host of veterinary schools were opened in France, Europe and worldwide, based on the Lyons model. Gradually the veterinary profession earned general recognition for its contribution, first from rural dwellers and later from the rest of the society on account of veterinarians' widely diverse skills. An understanding of living creatures in both their normal and malfunctioning states opens many doors to intelligence, knowledge and know-how indeed.

"In addition to their well-known role as animal doctors, veterinarians have proved their ability to design programmes for the prevention and control of infectious diseases, including those transmissible to humans through contact or ingesting food. The veterinary profession's contribution to public health is now universally acknowledged as vital.

"Today, recognition extends to the way the veterinary profession supports the improvement of animal production by controlling diseases, in order to help to meet soaring world demand for first-class protein, especially in developing countries. In this way, the veterinary profession enables hundreds of millions of the world's poorest livestock producers to safeguard their sole capital – their animals – and helps to promote access for their animal products to more lucrative export markets by safeguarding world trade in animals and animal products.

"No further proof is required of the social benefit of companion animals or the essential role of veterinarians as doctors of these companions for men.

"Unfortunately, the veterinary profession is not always able to convey the message that its activities represent a real Global Public Good. Therefore the 250th anniversary of the veterinary profession in 2011 provides a unique opportunity to put the message across.

"The OIE has been heavily involved in the World Veterinary Year 2011 (Vet 2011) celebrations by helping to organise some key events, including the official launch on 24 January 2011 at Château de Versailles (where Louis XV resided), alongside the Directors-General of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO). Indeed, the veterinary profession is spearheading the worldwide effort to implement OIE objectives in the fields of animal health and welfare, as well as veterinary public health, world trade security, food safety, scientific research and poverty reduction.

"The OIE has also signed a memorandum of understanding with the European Commission for a joint public awareness campaign in 2011 based on producing videos on the role of veterinarians in every citizen's daily life, plus brochures, in addition to staging photo competitions and fielding stands at world events such as Green Week in Berlin and the Paris International Agricultural Show (Salon de l'Agriculture), the World Conference on Veterinary Education at the Lyons veterinary school (École Vétérinaire de Lyon) in May 2011 and the World Veterinary Congress in Cape Town in South Africa in October 2011 .

"I call upon all readers of this editorial, both veterinarians and non-veterinarians alike, to support this public awareness campaign to help further the many crucial ties that exist between animals and humans of the world," concluded Dr Vallat.

For more information, visit the web site of World Veterinary Year 2011 [click here].

TheFishSite News Desk
Tuesday, January 04, 2011
6  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Installation of onboard video cameras begin เมื่อ: มกราคม 05, 2011, 10:14:49 AM
Installation of onboard video cameras begin

Wednesday, January 05, 2011, 03:20 (GMT + 9)

The Fisheries Secretariat of the Nation has reported that an Integrated Control System has come into force, which involves the installation of video cameras on board the Argentine fishing fleet.

The system was created in September 2010 through Disposition 206/10 of the Secretariat for Fisheries and Aquaculture, which established the obligation, for all high-sea vessels, to incorporate this control system that should enhance the activities already implemented by inspectors.

The objective of this legislation is to have more control over the basic information that originates in the process of fishing (vessel, location, catch, control, handling) in real time.

The Subsecretary of Fisheries, Norberto Yauhar, noted that the system will allow additional data such as fishing gear usage and the use of selectivity as well as the size of the species caught.

After the first working day of the year, the fishing vessel owners have 90 days to incorporate the cameras into their ships.

During the installation period, which will last for three months, "it will not be a sanctioning system as it is where companies begin to make service contracts and put everything on board in the system," said Yauhar.

It also serves as a stage for "testing and tuning," where adjustments are made to the method.

The legislation covers all fishing vessels with effective permits, excluding the artisanal fleet, which come under the provincial level. Therefore, the resolution invites the seaboard provinces to join this initiative.

The Argentine Coast Guard will be responsible for monitoring the enforcement of the measure and will not permit the exit of vessels that are not equipped with onboard cameras.

The video system consists of the installation of a sealed enclosure containing the video camera recording.

The registration and storage of the information is made by a handheld computer with GPS included which is connected to the video camera.

Recording starts automatically from when the net is lowered until the completion of the maneuver.

Once the fishing is complete, inspectors from the Secretariat, with technical assistance from the owners of the vessels, will be responsible for the removal of the internal memory for analysis. This is the most challenged part, as the owners argue it will be necessary to visualize a large volume of data.

Also, the fleet said the cameras do not solve all the problems and argue that "the result needs to be a study that pieces together resources and management and establishes comprehensive policies," reports Pescare.

By Silvina Corniola

7  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Banks request auditing due to ISA virus outbreak เมื่อ: มกราคม 05, 2011, 10:03:16 AM

The Chilean banking sector is concerned about the detection of an outbreak of ISA in the Aysen region. (Photo: Sernapesca/FIS)

Banks request auditing due to ISA virus outbreak

Wednesday, January 05, 2011, 04:00 (GMT + 9)

The Association of Chilean Banks has requested an audit to explore the Aysen Region, where the last recorded outbreak of the infectious salmon anemia (ISA) virus was found.

Meanwhile, some companies started the first payment of fees to cancel their debts to banks in order to restructure their liabilities.

Jorge Claro, representing the Association of Banks of the salmon farming consortium which involves the Corporation for the Promotion of Production (CORFO) and the salmon farming companies, said that a survey was requested not because they were worried about the outbreak, but the way in which it was detected.

It is estimated that monitoring results will be ready for the second week of January.

Claro said that the banks have handed out between USD 2,500 million and USD 3,000 million worth of credit to the salmon industry and are concerned about a "lack of thoroughness from the companies to avoid a further spread of the virus that has generated so many losses," he told El Mercurio.

This has occured just as companies like Trusal, Camanchaca and Cultivos Marinos Chiloé began canceling the restructuring of liabilities.

The economist said that between July 2011 and the same month in 2012, most companies should have made payments on their debts to the banks.

Calvo said that companies should not find it difficult to do so since the Chilean salmon industry managed to rebound in 2010, after the crisis affecting the sector between 2007 and 2009 due to the ISA virus.

Last year, record prices were paid for salmon at an international level, mainly due to the low production that the Chilean industry offered to the market.

Moreover, two companies enlisted themselves in the stock exchange (Multiexport and Invermar) and managed to overcome their losses.

According to Calvo, the Subsecretary of Fishing, Pablo Galilea, said that auditors of the National Fisheries Service (Sernapesca) detected an increase in mortality of fish in the Butan 1 center belonging to the company Acuinova in Aysen. Where the most recent outbreak was detected.

The company, meanwhile, said it complied with all protocols required for these situations.

Against this backdrop, the financial sector suggests that the authorities should strengthen health control measures to achieve higher standards.

Besides banks, some potential partners who would join companies such as investment funds, also expressed concern over this situation.

Related articles:
- Confirmed outbreak of ISA virus in Aysen
- Even more salmon companies to be enlisted in Stock Market
- Great expectations from Camanchaca due to share sales

By Silvina Corniola

8  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Aquaculture News / New Microorganisms Linked To Gill Disease In Salmon เมื่อ: พฤศจิกายน 14, 2010, 12:17:52 PM
New Microorganisms Linked To Gill Disease In Salmon

NORWAY - Gill disease may have several different causes, such as adverse environmental impacts or a variety of microorganisms, says new research from the Norwegian School of Veterinary Science.

Terje M. Steinum's doctoral research has identified microorganisms that may lead to gill disease, thereby making a significant contribution to our understanding of such diseases in farmed salmon.

Gill disease poses a considerable problem to salmon farming. Disease-induced changes usually consist of massive lesions, which greatly reduce the surface area of the gills, thereby causing breathing problems which can lead to the death of the fish. These changes can have several different causes and cannot therefore be linked to one particular agent.

The main aim of the research was to identify microorganisms that are involved in gill disease by means of modern, molecular methods, combined with traditional, histopathological studies.

The results of Mr Steinum's work indicate that two bacteria, Ca. Pisciclamydia salmonis and another species, not yet named, plus a recently discovered unicellular parasite, Desmozoon lepeophtherii, play a role in the development of the gill disease called proliferative gill inflammation. In addition, the thesis shows that an amoeba called Neoparamoeba perurans, only recently discovered, is linked to the amoeba gill disease that was diagnosed for the first time in Norway four years ago.

Furthermore, Mr Steinum's thesis has increased our basic knowledge through its description of other bacteria that normally occur in the gills of diseased and apparently healthy fish respectively.

This doctoral research led to the publishing of four scientific articles and was carried out at The National Veterinary Institute (VI) in collaboration with The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science (NVH) in Oslo.

Terje M. Steinum, Cand.scient, presented his doctoral thesis on 20th October 2010 at The Norwegian School of Veterinary Science. The thesis is entitled: ”Microbial studies related to proliferative gill diseases in Atlantic salmon”.

TheFishSite News Desk
Friday, November 12, 2010
9  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Aquaculture News / Two-Year Abalone Ban Suggested เมื่อ: พฤศจิกายน 14, 2010, 12:15:15 PM
Two-Year Abalone Ban Suggested

TAIWAN - Experts have suggested that Taiwan's aquatic farmers stop raising a popular type of marine mollusk to eliminate a virus that has nearly wiped out the entire industry.

According to FocusTaiwan, almost all of Taiwan's cultivated abalone (Haliotis diversicolor) have been infected with a virus that has decreased the total harvest by 90 per cent, said researcher Ho Yuan-hsing of the Eastern Marine Biology Research Centre.

Taiwan's annual production has fallen to 200 tons a year, down from 2,500 tons at its peak in 2000, he said.

Many young abalone in cultivation began dying for unknown reasons nine years ago, and it was only after six years of study, that researchers found the abalone fry died from infection of two kinds of bacteria: vibrio parahaemolyticus and vibrio alginolyticus.

Not long after identifying the cause, mature abalone raised in northeastern Taiwan began to die in large numbers during the winter.

The mass deaths were largely caused by being in waters colder than 22-23 degrees Celsius, in which the virus spreads quickly, Mr Yuan-hsing said.

To date, no method to prevent the disease has been found, he added.

The virus has also destroyed the abalone aquaculture industry in eastern Taiwan's Taitung County, which once accounted for 90 per cent of the country's abalone fry. Ho said the only way to eradicate the virus would be to impose a nationwide ban on the cultivation of abalone for two years.

TheFishSite News Desk
Friday, November 12, 2010
10  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Pacific nations look to increase control over tuna fisheries เมื่อ: พฤศจิกายน 14, 2010, 12:10:40 PM
Pacific nations look to increase control over tuna fisheries

Friday, November 12, 2010, 23:00 (GMT + 9)

Pacific island nations were missing out on income from lucrative tuna fisheries and should consider tripling access fees for foreign vessels, the region's fishing chief says.

Transform Aqorau said Pacific islanders needed to take a united stand to ensure they received a fair share of their tuna catch, worth an estimated two billion US a year, which is dominated by US and Asian fishing companies.

"On our own, we cannot change the fisheries system in the Pacific, collectively, we can," said Aqorau, director of the eight-nation Parties to the Nauru Agreement (PNA) grouping.

Speaking ahead of a PNA meeting in the Marshall Islands later this month, Aqorau said that access fees for foreign fishing vessels "should be double or triple what they are today".

"We are not yet benefiting from what is rightfully our resource," he said.

About 60 percent of the Pacific tuna catch comes from PNA waters and the organisation's commercial manager Maurice Brownjohn said foreign companies must involve the island nations more in the fisheries.

"PNA leaders have had enough of selling licences and being observers," Brownjohn said.

"We need more participation in jobs, manufacturing, and joint ventures."

The PNA meeting on November 25-26 will include representatives from tuna fishing and processing companies.

"PNA's goal is to look at how it can improve the value of the product, rather than just selling licences for boats to fish," Brownjohn said. "We want to grow the cake and take a bigger slice."

The Noumea-based Secretariat of the Pacific Community warned last month that Pacific fisheries faced collapse by 2035 if management of one of the region's main economic resources did not improve.

It called for greater cooperation between island nations to counter the threat from overfishing, population growth and climate change.


Related articles:

- On-shore processing could maximise returns: study
- PNA extends tuna fishing ban


11  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Government invests over USD 58 million in fishing fleet เมื่อ: พฤศจิกายน 14, 2010, 12:08:59 PM

A new tuna fishing vessel. (Photo: mileniodomar.org.br)

Government invests over USD 58 million in fishing fleet

Friday, November 12, 2010, 23:50 (GMT + 9)

The head of the Ministry of Fisheries and Aquaculture (MPA), Altemir Gregolin, has announced the construction and modernization of over 35 industrial vessels of the national fishing fleet. The planned investment is approximately BRL 100 million (USD 58.1 million).

So far, the National Program to Finance Expansion and Modernize the National Fishing Fleet (Profrota Pesquera) has already financed the construction of 10 fishing vessels for BRL 44 million (USD 25.6 million) and other five boats are being built.

The minister delivered a few days ago, in Paraíba, two new industrial vessels fishing for tuna, whose combined value is BRL 5.95 million (USD 3.4 million).

The ships, Coopa II and Coopa III, have the capacity to store 20 tonnes of fish per trip. They are expected to catch at least 200 tonnes of fish per year and generate a gross income of BRL 1.6 million (USD 931,000) each.

"Our goal is to have a national fleet capable of taking the exclusive economic zone and catching fish in international waters," said Gregolin.

"We are leaving behind the system of renting foreign vessels by addressing the construction and modernization of our fleet," he added.

According to the MPA, the national fleet has 60 ships capable of operating beyond the EEZ of Brazil. And the goal is to have 150 vessels with an individual annual capacity of 200 tonnes, reports Valor Econômico.

The Fisheries Minister stressed that the domestic consumption of fish increased sharply in the country by 6.5 kilograms per capita in 2003 to 9 kg in 2009.

"Today we import 20 per cent of intake. The historical average was 15 per cent," he said.

To meet the growing demand for fish with more equity, Gregolin considers it necessary to invest in the modernization of the fishing fleet and the construction of new vessels.

By Analia Murias

12  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / EU wants to cut cod quota by 50 pc เมื่อ: พฤศจิกายน 14, 2010, 12:07:02 PM

Scotland would be hit the worst by the proposal because its yearly fishing turnover is worth GBP 445 million. (Photo: Odin Hjellestad)

EU wants to cut cod quota by 50 pc

Friday, November 12, 2010, 23:30 (GMT + 9)

A 50 per cent reduction in the amount of cod British fishers can catch next year has been proposed by the European Union’s (EU) fishing authority.

European Fishing Commissioner Maria Damanaki said the announcement comes in response to scientific evidence that cod populations are not bouncing back to healthy levels from being overfished.

Scotland would be hit the worst by the proposal because its yearly fishing turnover is worth GBP 445 million (EUR 522.5 million).

EU fisheries ministers will vote on the decision next month. Britain will not have a veto, reports Telegraph.

Damanaki said it is certain that cutting the quota set at EU level is the way to go to preserve cod stocks.

"Past experience has shown that those who think they can negotiate with nature will not have a long future in fishing," she said.

She noted that cod stocks west of Scotland, in the Irish Sea and in the straits between Sweden and Denmark need protection because they are not showing signs of improvement.

Under the proposal, fishers catching cod in those areas next year would have to cut their landings by 50 per cent, while cod catches from the Bay of Biscay and off the coast of Portugal would have to be cut by 15 per cent.

Cod populations in the North Sea had a particularly bad year in 2008, when they were fished in greater numbers than in any year since 1999. Bans and cod-avoidance programmes had not been able to protect the stock and barely affected fishing patterns, AFP reports.

In the North Sea area, management of cod is co-managed with Norway, such that the EU hopes to negotiate the cuts with Oslo.

Scottish Fisheries Secretary Richard Lochhead believes that the move is not taking into account Scotland’s efforts to conserve cod.

"Much of the advice flows from the agreed long-term management plans, but we will be taking issues with the advice for some key stocks where we will be demanding that Scotland's sacrifice in helping concern stocks is rewarded and recognised," he said.

Bertie Armstrong of the Scottish Fishermen's Federation (SFF) complained that even though the EC had vowed to discuss quotas with the communities that depend on them for their livelihoods, it had been breaking those promises.

"There is deep anger is that we heard about this via a press release," he said. "The commission's whole approach is defined by arrogance."

13  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Catch And Release Important For Wild Stocks เมื่อ: ตุลาคม 11, 2010, 09:23:42 AM
Catch And Release Important For Wild Stocks

SCOTLAND, UK - Anglers continue to heed calls for catch and release according to figures released by Marine Scotland this week

Of the 72,595 total reported salmon and grilse caught by rod and line, anglers released 67 per cent back to the water. The figure rose to an even higher 82 per cent for vulnerable spring salmon, reflecting a continued trend for the practice.

In total, 85,450 salmon and grilse were caught in 2009. Rod and line constituted 85 per cent of the total Scottish catch in 2009. The remaining 15 per cent of were in fixed engine, and net and coble fisheries.

There were 33,103 sea trout caught in 2009, of which 23,725 were caught by rod and line. Of the rod caught sea trout, 66 per cent were released.

Fisheries Secretary Richard Lochhead said: "These figures demonstrate that Scotland's anglers are conscientious about sustaining freshwater stocks and are continuing to be vigilant towards vulnerable stocks.

"Our salmon fisheries are economically important to rural communities, and good practice such as catch and release helps to ensure a healthy industry and protect all sectors of the industry.

"Fisheries management remains important however, and District Salmon Fishery Boards should continue to work closely with local interests to try and address stock vulnerabilities."

TheFishSite News Desk
Friday, October 08, 2010
14  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Experts join forces to study aquatic animal disease เมื่อ: ตุลาคม 11, 2010, 09:15:09 AM
Experts join forces to study aquatic animal disease

Monday, October 11, 2010, 08:50 (GMT + 9)

The Atlantic Veterinary College (AVC) at the University of Prince Edward Island and the National Veterinary Institute in Norway have joined forces to establish the world’s only OIE Collaborating Centre for Epidemiology and Risk Assessment of Aquatic Animal Diseases.

The World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) confirmed the designation of the Centre during its annual general session in Paris in May 2010. OIE Collaborating Centres play a key role in the management of animal health issues and resulting impacts on the health of communities around the world. The OIE Collaborating Centre designation recognizes world leadership in aquatic epidemiological research for aquatic food production based at AVC and the National Veterinary Institute (Norway).

“Aquaculture is the fastest growing food sector in the world,” says Dr. Larry Hammell, Co-director of the OIE Collaborating Centre, Director of AVC’s Centre for Aquatic Health Sciences and Innovation PEI Industry Research Chair in Epidemiology for Aquatic Food Production.

“Increasingly, countries around the world are turning to aquatic species as a source of high quality food for their populations,” explains Hammell. “This requires healthy food animals from healthy aquatic ecosystems. Establishing this Collaborating Centre is a timely and necessary step in supporting the future of aquatic health management on a global scale.”

“This partnership between our two institutions is a very exciting opportunity to solidify even stronger linkages, and develop research and training programs for other aquatic food producing countries,” says Dr. Edgar Brun, Head of the Epidemiology Section, National Veterinary Institute (Norway) and Co-director of the OIE Collaborating Centre.

Researchers from a range of aquatic health-related disciplines including finfish, mollusc and crustacean field studies will be part of the Centre. The Centre will focus on evidence-based health management using epidemiology--the study of disease in populations--for aquatic health issues. It will also provide training for producers and scientists, conduct research involving local veterinarians and producers, and deliver services to the aquaculture industry and governments in areas such as: disease outbreak investigations and risk factor studies, surveillance and diagnostic test evaluation,disease control and clinical field trials, decision-support tools that deliver evidence-based outcomes to all levels of policy makers training of experts in aquatic epidemiology and evidence-based health management epidemiological risk assessment.

The establishment of this OIE Collaborating Centre formalizes a network of global experts and will greatly increase knowledge and capacity needed to solve health management issues involving aquatic species. In addition to improving the health of aquatic species, the Centre will provide the scientific basis to influence international standards and guide policy decisions at all levels, including groups such as fish farmers, veterinarians, subnational and federal governments.

The Atlantic Veterinary College and the National Veterinary Institute (Norway) are world-leading academic-based aquatic health institutions. In addition to the OIE Collaborating Centre for Epidemiology and Risk Assessment of Aquatic Animal Diseases, AVC is home to an OIE Reference Laboratory for Infectious Salmon Anaemia (ISA), a Canada Excellence Research Chair in Aquatic Epidemiology, an Aquatic Diagnostics Laboratory, and several centres of aquatic species expertise.


15  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Govt asks EU to stop mandatory testing of shrimp consignments เมื่อ: ตุลาคม 11, 2010, 09:13:53 AM

Bangladeshi shrimp exports suffered a big setback in 2009 following the repeated detection of nitrofuran bacteria. (Photo: Stock File)

Govt asks EU to stop mandatory testing of shrimp consignments

Monday, October 11, 2010, 09:40 (GMT + 9)

Bangladesh wants the European Union (EU) to stop the 20 per cent mandatory testing of the frozen food consignments it imports from that country.

Frozen food exports - the nation’s second biggest export earning sector - has been facing setbacks in exports to the European market since nitrofuran was detected in shrimp shipments to Belgium in late 2008. The EU is Bangladesh’s main trading partner - more than 50 per cent of exports go to the union.

Bangladesh made this appeal during the visit of a trade delegation in Brussels meant to fix relevant issues. The Directorate General for Health and Consumer Affairs (SANCO) responded by proposing new laws, compliance regulations and other measures for the country to follow.

After a SANCO mission visited Bangladesh in late January to evaluate the quality of the country’s frozen food exports, it submitted a report with 12 recommendations. Bangladesh’s Fish Inspection and Quality Control (FIQC) then reported its compliance status in March.

The country has informed the EU about the various measures adopted to resolve the problem, including the 12 point recommendations.

Hundreds of Bangladeshi shrimp consignments worth USD 200 million were stranded in different ports of the world this summer as a result of new European Commission (EC) rules demanding health certificates of the items.

The EC recently decided to reject all shrimp and fish imports containing crystal violet (a kind of dye) more than 0.5 parts per billion (PPB), and Bangladeshi consignments had certificates claiming a crystal violet limit 2.0 PPB.

Bangladeshi shrimp exports suffered a big setback in 2009 following the repeated detection of nitrofuran bacteria in various consignments. Exports resumed last June after a self-imposed ban of over seven months.

In May 2009, Bangladesh halted the export of fresh water shrimp (galda) to the EU in response to the rejection of 54 consignments between late 2008 and early 2009 due to an EC 'rapid alert' notice.

Related articles:

- EC rule strands shrimp consignments in ports
- Frozen food sector sees new setback
- Self-imposed ban to the EU is lifted

By Natalia Real

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