Aquaculture and Fisheries News => Aquaculture News => ข้อความที่เริ่มโดย: Nicaonline ที่ กุมภาพันธ์ 07, 2007, 10:16:15 PM

หัวข้อ: EU gets tough on shrimp antibiotic residues
เริ่มหัวข้อโดย: Nicaonline ที่ กุมภาพันธ์ 07, 2007, 10:16:15 PM


The European Union has taken a tough stance on antibiotic residue in shrimp consignments and has made it clear that it will no longer permit re-export of contaminated consignments. The move comes at a time when EU has emerged as the biggest market for India, accounting for nearly 30% of the exports.


Exporters here said that earlier consignments containing residues of antibiotic ‘chloramphenicol’ or ‘nitrofuran’ were allowed to be brought back to the country, though after a lot of pressure. However, they refused to divulge as what was done with the consignments brought back. Sources said these found their way into the domestic market.


According to EU, for many antibiotics it was possible to define a limit below which food containing such residues could be considered safe. But in the case of chloramphenicol and nitrofurans, which were not dose-related, were considered potentially harmful at any level. And so a limit of 0.3 ppb (parts per billion) for chloramphenicol and 1 ppb for nitrofuran had been fixed.


For chloramphenicol the risk could be fatal, irreversible anaemia in certain susceptible individuals and for nitrofurans the risk was that it could cause damage to genes, which can then lead to the development of cancer later.


The EU legislation prohibited re-exports of unsafe food leaving it with the only option of destroying the consignment. All costs associated with destruction would have to be borne by the importer or his representative.


A senior Marine Products Export Development Authority (Mpeda) official told FE that the use of antibiotics in the aquaculture farms had been brought down considerably.


A series of awareness campaigns had been undertaken and farmers were being grouped into clusters for implementing good management practices. There were 11 laboratories across the country for undertaking rapid tests and farmers had begun to use these services.


He added that most of the diseases found in the farms were not caused by bacteria but by virus for which anti-biotic treatment was not the answer.


As part of promoting organic shrimp farming, the authority had entered into an agreement recently with Switzerland Import Promotion Organisation and steps to promote organic farming across the country would be undertaken soon.

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