กันยายน 30, 2020, 01:08:37 AM
ข่าว: กลับสู่เว็บไซต์ www.nicaonline.com
หน้า: [1]   ลงล่าง
ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: An appeal to ADB over dumping aquaculture  (อ่าน 2098 ครั้ง)
0 สมาชิก และ 26 บุคคลทั่วไป กำลังดูหัวข้อนี้
Nicaonline
Nicaonline
Administrator
YaBB God
*****

Karma: -1
ออฟไลน์ ออฟไลน์

กระทู้: 2683



ดูรายละเอียด
« เมื่อ: ตุลาคม 03, 2008, 11:15:10 AM »

Source: Business World  World News    1/10/2008 22:40:36

Bernardo V. Lopez

Due to declining fish supply, the Asian Development Bank closed its fisheries-aquaculture program for marginal fisherfolk.This was a critical policy shift on ADB’s part.

 

The shift was toward a focus on longer-term environmental and resource management. The issue is if this is a good socioeconomic strategy.

 

This article is based on an interview with two specialists from the Agriculture and Environment Division of ADB’s Southeast Asia Department. The aim was to look into the reasons for ADB’s policy shift. As a background, ADB published a study in 2006 assessing its fisheries policy. The study revealed that the failure of fishery programs essentially revolved around declining fish catch. ADB noted the rapid shift from capture or open-sea fishing toward aquaculture in the last two decades. ADB used to pour massive loans for infrastructure in capture fishing, mainly boats and ships. Seeing the decline in capture fishing output, ADB realized that the focus should be in resource and ecosystem management as the long-term solution. This is why ADB closed its fisheries program, a move which fisheries NGOs feel is too premature.

 

Concern about the long term is important, but it does not have to neglect the short term, namely, the rapid poverty situation of marginal fisherfolk. "Food for the hungry today versus food supply for tomorrow" is the core issue. We have to deal with both the short term and the long term. We do not have to abandon one in favor of the other.

 

When I pointed this out to the ADB specialists, one answered that they were not a humanitarian entity dealing with emergency relief; there were other funds and programs for it. ADB insisted the long term is the only concern. I tried to point out that it should be the main concern but not the ONLY concern and that ADB did not have to close the fishery program outright.

 

There are very important considerations for ADB before finally closing the door on the marginal fisherfolk. First, the World Bank did not close its fisheries programs for strategic reasons, and is sponsoring the FAO small-scale fisheries conference in Bangkok next month, with ADB in attendance. Second, critical socioeconomic data should affect this decision. For example, the World Bank reveals that 62% of the 90 million Filipinos today, or roughly 60 million, live in coastal areas. Two-thirds or 40 million of the coastal population are marginal fisherfolk. By BFAR data, these marginals catch about 60% of total national supply, In short, the local economy and food security depend on these marginals. Yet support for them has been dwindling.

 

Marginal fisherfolk cannot shift to aquaculture, which is capital intensive. There are few marginals in aquaculture and they are mostly on a cooperative level. Aquaculture is mainly for the upper class on a corporate level. You need P1 million per hectare to develop a fishpond. I understand how hard it is for bankers to consider loans to marginals because of their loan-default reputation. But these are hard times. ADB has to take the risk for social and humanitarian reasons without losing its banking principles.

 

I am appealing to ADB to reconsider aid to marginal fisherfolk. Its ongoing efforts in coastal resource management, especially community-based surveillance of illegal fishing, are helpful but not enough. There are gaps to fill. ADB can revive its aquaculture program but as an honest-to- goodness poverty reduction scheme, meaning exclusively for marginals on a cooperative level, not for the middle or upper class. You have to take the risk. They are desperate right now. Support for a moratorium on regular commercial fishing in critical municipal waters can be tied up with community surveillance. In Cebu, a moratorium on commercial fishing for one month resulted in the doubling of fish catch by marginals. Regeneration is the key.

 

The long term must be balanced with the short term. ADB’s thrust in environment and energy must not mean zero in fishery. The Philippine economy is utterly fish-dependent. We are an archipelago whose total shore line is longer than that of continental USA. A bank must keep its social role in our era of decline and rapid marginalization. I believe such goodwill will yield you a return tenfold.

 


Source or related URL: http://www.bworldonline.com
 
บันทึกการเข้า

ความรู้ ข่าวสาร สร้างปัญญา

หน้า: [1]   ขึ้นบน
พิมพ์
 
กระโดดไป: