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ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: Summer 2007—The Japanese Shrimp Market  (อ่าน 1713 ครั้ง)
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« เมื่อ: สิงหาคม 18, 2007, 08:41:40 PM »

News from shrimpnews.com

 
Market Trends: As the summer 2007 sales period began, shrimp prices firmed up.  The subtle balance between buyer and seller seemed to tilt in favor of the seller, especially in the tiger market (Penaeus monodon), while prices for white shrimp (P. vannamei) remained low.
 
The First Quarter of 2007: Compared to the first quarter of 2006, imports of all types of shrimp into Japan during the first quarter of 2007 fell by nearly 12%, declining to 53,848 metric tons from 61,061 tons.  Shrinking demand for headless shell-on shrimp from the catering trade was the main reason for the decline.
 
A post Golden Week (the first week in May when several Japanese holidays occur) survey on the shrimp trade showed that demand for shell-on shrimp from institutional users and the catering trade was down from 2006.  Large black tigers (8/12 and 13/15 counts) were not in demand.  The big sellers were 16/20s through 41/50s.  Demand for peeled tail-on “nobashi” shrimp was higher than last year, especially for sizes ranging from 8/12 through 16/20.  The catering trade was the main user for this product.  Demand for nobashi from the food service sector increased at least 10% from 2006.  This explains the lower imports of shell-on shrimp, particularly black tigers, during the first quarter of 2007.  Retail demand for “thawed/fresh” shell-on shrimp sold in supermarkets has moved from black tiger and sea-caught whites to less expensive vannamei.  This summer, however, supermarket sales of shell-on vannamei are rather low as Japanese households avoid cooking during the hot and humid summer season.  Consumer preference has also shifted from raw shell-on product to peeled vannamei and to easy-to-cook and easy-to-prepare products.  Tempura products have become popular at fast food shops and restaurants, but households avoid them during the summer, when the preference is for blanched and cooked shrimp.
 
January to May 2007: From January to May 2007, customs data indicate that average monthly imports of shrimp fell by 1,515 tons with a cumulative decline of 7,575 tons during the first five months of 2007.  Overall imports of frozen raw shrimp during January-May were 10% behind last year’s corresponding period.  Higher imports from Thailand, China and Malaysia were mostly vannamei.  Black tiger shrimp imports from India, Vietnam, Bangladesh and Myanmar were lower due to the off season for farmed shrimp from January to April in those countries.
 
For the July-August promotional campaign, Japanese supermarkets have added tray packs of 13/15 and 16/20 count headless black tiger shrimp.  Some supermarkets have decided to increase the sales ratio of black tiger to vannamei from 50:50 during the last two years to 70:30 in 2007.  As their prices have fallen, supermarkets have also added large, sea-caught white shrimp to their mix of shrimp products.  There is good demand for peeled, sea-caught white and flower shrimp (probably P. semisulcatus) from processors of value added products.
 
Shell-on vannamei imports are mostly from Thailand, which has a reputation for producing antibiotic-free shrimp.  Some industry leaders forecast higher imports of black tiger shrimp this year from countries practicing extensive farming.
 
Outlook: The Japan/Thailand bilateral free trade agreement facilitates imports from Thailand.  Shrimp imports will continue to be influenced by the yen/dollar exchange rate and demand patterns in the European Union and USA.  In Asia, the shrimp harvest begins in May, so Japanese importers expected significant price drops for shell-on black tiger shrimp when the first harvests hit the market, but it didn’t happen, although vannamei prices trended lower.  Prices of farmed vannamei may weaken further, especially for Chinese vannamei, which faces quality challenges.  It is important to note that this year’s summer sales promotions in many supermarkets have featured large black tigers.
 
With the current good demand for black tiger shrimp worldwide and a balanced supply pattern, the market for this species will be steady compared to vannamei, which will most likely continue to trend lower.  Following the automatic detention ruling on farmed shrimp from China in the USA, more Chinese vannamei will possibly be offered to Japan.  Simultaneously, there will be higher demand for vannamei from Thailand and other Southeast Asian countries, specifically for cooked and breaded products.
 
Source: Globefish.  Shrimp Market Report/Asia (http://www.globefish.org/index.php?id=4218).  Fatima Ferd
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