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ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: USA Shrimp Imports in the First Half of 2006: Thailand takes the lead.  (อ่าน 2577 ครั้ง)
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Volume and Value



On October 5, 2006, the United States Department of Agriculture's Aquaculture Outlook reported on USA shrimp imports for the first half of 2006.

In the first six months of 2006, USA shrimp imports increased 16 percent over the same period in 2005. They totaled 525 million pounds and were valued at 1.6 billion dollars, a 16 percent increase in quantity and an 18 percent increase in value. After declining in the first half of 2005, shrimp imports seem to be on the expansion track they exhibited in 2000 and 2004. While average prices for shrimp imports rose in 2005 and 2006, they remain much lower than in the late 1990s and early 2000s. Between 2000 and 2004, rapidly falling shrimp prices were a major factor in the expansion of shrimp imports. The average overall price for shrimp in the first half of 2006 was $3.11 per pound, up 6 cents per pound from 2005.



USA Shrimp Imports by Country in Pounds(January to June 2006, in 1,000s of pounds)

 
Country           2004               2005                2006

Thailand          135,430           128,129           151,284
China               63,875             37,406            56,707
Ecuador            46,992             57,288            71,729
Vietnam            46,312             32,944            32,982
India                40,948              29,534            25,422
Indonesia          39,331              56,052            70,425
Brazil               14,143                5,141                494
Mexico             12,117               13,160           15,695
Bangladesh        10,448              11,678           16,375
Philippines          1,174                1,699             2,200
Other              90,468               82,213           81,495

Totals            501,239             455,344          524,808




USA Shrimp Imports by Country in Dollars(January to June 2006, in 1,000s of dollars)

 
Country           2004                 2005               2006

Thailand      373,851             360,446           438,773
Vietnam      225,040             159,401           180,372
India           153,431            120,267           102,044
China          142,676              74,752           119,908
Indonesia     123,347            181,231           227,685
Ecuador      119,026             141,171           176,980
Mexico         60,873               71,461            80,520
Bangladesh    48,316              47,542            71,883
Brazil            27,513                9,188                921
Philippines       5,071                5,510             7,000
Other          233,082             218,155          228,583

Totals     $1,512,227         $1,398,128      $1,634,669



The growth in shrimp imports during the first half of 2006 was from larger shipments of frozen shrimp and prepared shrimp products. After declining sharply in 2005, shipments of frozen shrimp rose by 10 percent in the first half of 2006. However, even with this increase, shipments in the first half of 2006 were below those for the same period in 2004.

The majority of the increase came from larger shipments from Ecuador, Thailand and Indonesia, the largest single-country suppliers of frozen shrimp to the United States, accounting for 58 percent of total shrimp imports. The increased imports from these countries were partially offset by lower shipments from Brazil, India and China. Although the decline in imports from China between 2005 and 2006 was relatively small, China's shipments in this category are only a fraction of what they were in 2004, when it was the second largest supplier of frozen shrimp to the USA.

In the first six months of 2006, shipments of prepared shrimp products totaled 149.5 million pounds, up 31 percent compared to the first six months of 2005. Again Thailand and Indonesia showed the largest increases. While China's shipments of frozen shrimp products have declined, its exports of prepared shrimp products have risen rapidly. In the first half of 2006, shipments of prepared shrimp products from China were 50.5 million pounds, up 20 million pounds from 2005 and 37 million pounds higher than in the first half of 2004. China has shifted its product mix because of the stiff tariffs on its raw, frozen shrimp. In the prepared shrimp category, imports from Thailand, Indonesia and China accounted for 84 percent of the total.

USA shrimp imports for 2006 are expected to reach between 1.2 and 1.3 billion pounds, with a value from $3.75 to $3.85 billion. These estimates assume shrimp imports will follow their normal seasonal pattern through the remainder of 2006. The quantity and value of shrimp imports over the second half of 2006 will be heavily influenced by the status of the USA economy. A strong economy will allow for more personal expenditures at foodservice markets and restaurants. Shrimp prices will also be influenced by the pace of economic growth in Japan and the European Union, the two other major markets for shrimp.

Source: Aquaculture Outlook. David J. Harvey, Editor (phone 202-694-5177, email djharvey@ers.usda.gov). United States Department of Agriculture. Electronic Outlook Report from the Economic Research Service. LDP-AQS-24. October 5, 2006. Information: In addition to shrimp, Aquaculture Outlook covers catfish, trout, tilapia, salmon, mollusks and crawfish. You can download a PDF of it at http://usda.mannlib.cornell.edu/MannUsda/viewDocumentInfo.do?documentID=1375. You might also want to check out USDA's Aquaculture Briefing Room at http://www.ers.usda.gov/briefing/aquaculture.


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