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« เมื่อ: กันยายน 22, 2006, 01:56:26 PM »

Australia
Banning Shrimp Imports

Ian Macdonald, former Federal Fisheries Minister, supports a ban on imports of raw shrimp because they are potential carriers of shrimp diseases that could affect the wild shrimp fishery.

Information: Queensland Seafood Industry Association, P.O. Box 392, Clayfield, Queensland, Australia 4011 (phone +61-7-3262-6855, fax +61-7-3262-7650, email qsia@qsia.com.au).

Source: The website of the United States Marine Shrimp Farming Program (http://www.usmsfp.org). Australia takes steps to ban raw shrimp imports. August 21, 2006. Information: Paula Bender, Editor and Webmaster, US Marine Shrimp Farming Program, The Oceanic Institute at Makapuu Point, 41-202 Kalanianaole Highway, Waimanalo, HI 96795-1820 USA (phone 808-259-3193, fax 808-259-3121, email pbender@oceanicinstitute.org, webpage http://www.usmsfp.org).


China
Brine Shrimp Cysts For Sale

Zhu Zuyang, president of the Qinghai Delingha Gahai Lake Artemia Company, reports: Our main product is Chinese Artemia cysts.

Our best product is Premium Grade Artemia (hatch rate 90%, small nauplii). We also have large quantities of Grade A (hatch rate 88-92%) and Grade B (hatch rate 80%+) Artemia, and lesser amounts of Gahai Lake Artemia (hatch rate 85%+) and Grade C Artemia (hatch rate 80%+, larger nauplii).

Information: Zhu Zuyang, President, Qinghai Delingha Gahai Lake Artemia, Co., Ltd., 150 Qingtacun, Yongdinglu Nankou, Beijing 100039, China (phone/fax 8610-60518380, email zhuzuyang@sina.com, webpage http://artemia.6to23.com).

Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Zhu Zuyang on August 21, 2006.


India
Smuggling Gravid Females

On the northeast coast, in the state Orissa, the sight of semi-clad men and women wading and rummaging through the water is a common sight. In the Jagatsinghpur and Kendrapara districts, around the riverside villages of Andhari, Dhobei, Jhatipari, Ambiki, Kharinasi, Jamboo, Suniti and Batighar, housewives and children armed with tiny nets are a common sight. They're fishing for gravid tiger shrimp (female Penaeus monodon, with eggs). For the impoverished fishermen, it's the easiest way to hit a jackpot big enough to put food on the table for a month. In Orissa, gravids sell for $86 to $215 each. In the states of West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh, where most of the hatcheries and farms locate, the price is much, much higher. [This report said as much as ten times higher.] Each gravid female, if handled properly, produces roughly 25,000 postlarvae, officials said.

Overfishing, however, has led to a shortage of gravid females. "It's indeed a matter of concern. The gravid population is going down. We are giving serious thoughts to curbing the commercial trade of this threatened species," said Mr. R.N. Mohapatra, brackish water fisheries chief.

Although it's illegal, most of the gravid females are smuggled out of the state, to shrimp hatcheries in the states of West Bengal and Andhra Pradesh.

Middlemen pocket the lion's share of the profits in the broodstock trade. A fisherman said that large farms from outside the state employ local agents who procure broodstock at throwaway prices and sell them for hefty profits to hatcheries elsewhere, mostly outside Orissa. He also alleged that there is clear-cut collusion among middlemen, police and the state fisheries staff to foster the illegal trade. The regulatory measures to stop the smuggling of gravids are not enforced.

Officials said that there was a proposal for the establishment of broodstock farms in the Kendrapara and Jagatsinghpur districts.

Source: The Statesman. Easy riches through 'gravid' smuggling (http://www.thestatesman.net/page.news.php?clid=9&theme=&usrsess=1&id=127063). August 21, 2006.


India
Southern Shrimp Alliance Shakes Up Exporters

The Southern Shrimp Alliance (SSA), an organization of shrimp fishermen in the southeastern United States, which, in 2004, won a dumping case against shrimp exporters in six countries, has lobbied the USA government to increase its antibiotic checks on imported shrimp. The SSA move has sent the Indian shrimp exporting community into a tizzy.

Source: Business Standard. US body calls for stiff shrimp import norms (http://www.business-standard.com/common/storypage.php?autono=102510&leftnm=0&subLeft=0&chkFlg). George Joseph. August 24, 2006.


Iran
Joint Ventures with Italy

"An Italian delegation recently visited the city of Chabahar to discuss with us the development of joint shrimp farming and other aquaculture projects," said Ali Sistani, a local aquaculture development project official, who noted that several Italian companies have been cooperating with a United Nations Development Program since 2002 to increase the production of farmed shrimp in southern Sistan-Baluchestan Province, around Chabahar and near Gwadar, a small town on the coastal border with Pakistan.

Source: MehrNews.com. Economic news in brief: Iran, Italy Cooperating in Chabahar Aquaculture Projects (http://www.mehrnews.ir/en/NewsDetail.aspx?NewsID=370217). August 22, 2006.


Mozambique
Charles Woodhouse Reports on His Farm in Africa

Charles Woodhouse, an attorney, shrimp farmer and columnist for Fish Farming International reports: As many of you know, I'm involved in a shrimp farming project in Mozambique--Indian Ocean Aquaculture (IOA)--now in its second year of commercial production of black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). Our first exports were in December 2004 and we have regularly shipped to the European Union, the United States and Japan. It's a fully integrated project: hatchery growout, processing and feed mill.

The farming strategy is semi-intensive, with moderate use of aeration and moderate water exchange. The first farm is now complete with 550 hectares of growout ponds in operation and a second 500-hectare farm will be completed in 2007. It's on a larger site than the first farm and could be expanded at the rate of 400 hectares a year for several years.

The hatchery has an easily expanded, modular design, similar to hatcheries in Latin America. It can produce enough postlarvae (PLs) for both farms.

The IOA Group is particularly proud of its state-of-the-art processing plant with blast, plate and spiral freezers--and with Africa's first shrimp cooking facility, allowing us to produce a full line of value-added products.

Finally, the project has its own feed mill--Indian Ocean AquaFeeds (in South Africa, to be closer to raw materials)--which manufactures 100% of our feeds and sells shrimp feed to third parties.

Source: Fish Farming International (http://www.fishfarming.co.uk). Editor, Kenny McCaffrey (kenny.mccaffrey@informa.com). First Chapter Written in Developing African Shrimp Farming. Charles Woodhouse (www.lawyers.com/seafoodlaw). Volume 33, Number 8, Page 8, August 2006.


The Netherlands
Happy Shrimp Farm

On September 2, 2006, Happy Shrimp Farm will officially open its facilities. It hopes to produce its first crop of western white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) by May 2007. This greenhouse-enclosed farm is located on the dunes near Rotterdam Harbor, next to a power plant run by E.ON Benelux, whose waste heat will be used to heat the farm's water. The brainchild of two Dutch entrepreneurs Gilbert Curtessi and Bas Greiner (recently joined by Job Munten), the Happy Shrimp Farm uses recirculation technology and hopes to produce 150 metric tons of shrimp a year.

Information: Gilbert Curtessi (email gilbert@happyshrimpfarm.nl, webpage www.happyshrimp.nl).

Sources: 1. Fish Farming International (http://www.fishfarming.co.uk). Editor, Kenny McCaffrey (kenny.mccaffrey@informa.com). Waste heat to grow shrimp in Holland. Volume 32, Number 4, Page 18, April 2005. 2. Fish Farming International (http://www.fishfarming.co.uk). Editor, Kenny McCaffrey (kenny.mccaffrey@informa.com). Dutch shrimp farm all set for grand opening. Volume 33, Number 8, Page 4, August 2006.


United States
Alabama--Kentucky Enrichment, Inc.

We are gathering equipment to build an indoor recirculating shrimp farm. We had planned a 12,000-square-foot operation in southern Indiana, but now we are being courted by a company in Alabama to set up in about 14,400 square feet. We previously raised western white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) in recirculating systems in Texas. We have also raised tilapia in an aquaponics system with vegetables and herbs.

Information: Cornelius A. Van Milligen, Kentucky Enrichment, Inc. (email cavm@aol.com, webpage http://www.kentuckyenrichment.com).

Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, "shrimp-subscribe@yahoogroups.com"). Subject: [shrimp] Re: Inventing shrimp farming. From: cavm@aol.com. August 19, 2006.


United States
California--Classification

I am working on a small project on the morphology of the gills of dendrobranchiate shrimp (superfamilies Penaeoidea and Sergestoidea).

To my knowledge, most of the illustrations and SEMs (scanning electron microscopy) in the literature taken of dendrobranchiate gills have focused on the family Penaeidae, usually on the genus Penaeus. However, I do not often work on dendrobranchiates, and it is quite possible that I have missed some important pieces of literature.

Can any of you direct me to other studies of gill morphology in other dendrobranchiate families like Aristeidae, Benthesicyemidae, Penaeidae (genera other than Penaeus), Sicyoniidae, Solenoceridae, Luciferidae (which lack gills as adults) and Sergestidae, especially any studies that might have employed SEM figures?

Those papers I am aware of already (containing images of or descriptions of dendrobranchiate gills) are listed below:

Abele, L.G., and B.E. Felgenhauer. 1986. Phylogenetic and phenetic relationships among the lower Decapoda. Journal of Crustacean Biology 6:385-400.

Barnes, R.D., and F.W. Harrison. 1992. Introduction to the Decapoda. In: F.W. Harrison and A.G. Humes, editors, Decapod Crustacea. Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, vol. 10: 1-6. Wiley-Liss Publishers, New York.

Burkenroad, M.D. 1963. The evolution of the Eucarida (Crustacea, Eumalacostraca) in relation to the fossil record. Tulane Studies in Geology 2:3-16.

Burkenroad, M.D. 1981. The higher taxonomy and evolution of Decapoda (Crustacea). Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 19:251-268.

Burkenroad, M.D. 1983. Natural classification of Dendrobranchiata, with a key to recent genera. In: F.R. Schram, editor, Crustacean Phylogeny. Crustacean Issues I: 279-290, Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema Press.

Felgenhauer, B.E. 1992. Internal Anatomy of the Decapoda: An Overview. In: F.W. Harrison and A. G. Humes, editors, Decapod Crustacea. Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, vol. 10: 45-75. Wiley-Liss Publishers, New York.

Felgenhauer, B.E., and L.G. Abele. 1983. Phylogenetic relationships among the shrimp-like decapods (Penaeoidea, Caridea, Stenopodidea). In Crustacean Issues 1. Crustacean Phylogeny, ed. F.R. Schram. Rotterdam: A.A. Balkema Press, 372 pp.

Foster, C.A., and H.D. Howse. 1978. A morphological study on gills of the brown shrimp, Penaeus aztecus. Tissue and Cell 10: 77-92.

Taylor, H.H., and E.W. Taylor. 1992. Gills and lungs: the exchange of gases and ions. In: F.W. Harrison and A.G. Humes, editors, Decapod Crustacea. Microscopic Anatomy of Invertebrates, vol. 10: 203-294. Wiley-Liss Publishers, New York.

Young, J.H. 1959. Morphology of the white shrimp Penaeus setiferus (Linnaeus, 1758). Fishery Bulletin of the Fish and Wildlife Service 59 (145): 1-168.

Many thanks in advance for any help or advice you can offer,

Information: Joel W. (Jody) Martin, Chief of the Division of Invertebrate Studies and Curator of Crustacea at the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County (900 Exposition Boulevard, Los Angeles, CA 90007 USA, phone 213-763-3440, fax 213-746-2999, email jmartin@nhm.org).

 Source: The Crust-L Mailing list (To subscribe, send an email to LISTPROC@VIMS.EDU. In the body of the email, put SUBSCRIBE CRUST-L). Subject: [CRUST-L:2184] Dendrobranchiate Gills? From: jmartin@nhm.org. August 23, 2006.


Vietnam
Wants Consultant

My name is Louie Cheng, and I live in Burnaby, British Columbia, Canada. My client in Vietnam needs a consultant/designer for a hatchery/nursery project. The consultant must be familiar with shrimp (Penaeus monodon) hatchery technology in Vietnam or Thailand and be able to supply the equipment and technology for a project with the production of 500 million postlarvae a year.

Information: Louie Cheng (phone 604-420-2831, email louche8@yahoo.com).

Source: Email to Shrimp News International from Louie Cheng on August 21, 2006.



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