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Country Reports

Queensland--Captive Tiger Shrimp Broodstock

At the Australian Prawn Farmers Association General Meeting (July 26-28, 2006) in Cairns, Queensland, Tim Mulherin, Primary Industries and Fisheries Minister, announced the first full-scale, industry-wide distribution of tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) broodstock. "The aim of the project is to reduce reliance on tiger shrimp broodstock that are caught in the wild," Mulherin said, adding that more than 1,000 broodstock from 36 selectively bred families will be shipped to shrimp hatcheries throughout Queensland.

The Queensland Department of Primary Industries and Fisheries has been working on this project for a number of years in conjunction with the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO, the federal government), the Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) and industry partners.

Mulherin said the success of the project was highlighted in early 2006 when one of Australia's leading shrimp farms, Gold Coast Marine Aquaculture, harvested more than 50 metric tons of tiger shrimp produced from captive broodstock. In 2006–2007, Australia hopes to produce 100 tons of tiger shrimp from captive broodstock.

With an annual production of 3,500 tons valued at approximately $60 million, tiger shrimp is the dominant farm-raised species in Australia.

Source: Growfish (Gippsland Aquaculture Industry Network, Inc., http://www.growfish.com.au/default.asp). Trial to boost black prawn industry (http://www.growfish.com.au/content.asp?contentid=7186). August 5, 2006.

Losing Power

On August 5, 2006, several thousand people marched in the streets of Khulna, a city in southwestern Bangladesh that's surrounded by shrimp farms, and then held a big rally where civic leaders urged the government to resolve persistent power shortages by August 21, 2006, or they would stop paying their power bills. Power shortages have badly affected all industries, including shrimp processing.

Source: The Daily Star. Khulna people threaten to stop power bill payment (http://www.thedailystar.net/2006/08/06/d60806070185.htm). Staff Correspondent, Khulna. August 5, 2006.

EU Embargo on Shrimp?

Johannes Kitono, chairman of the Association of Fishery Companies (Gappindo), said the EU Commission for General Health and Consumer Protection would send a delegation to Indonesia in September 2006 to evaluate its earlier decision to place an embargo on Indonesian fishery products. If Indonesia fails to improve the quality of its exports, Kitono thinks the EU might enforce the embargo.

Source: Seafood.com (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service). EU inspectors due in Indonesia next month. Ken Coons. Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com). August 7, 2006.

Farming the Sea

From Gwatr, near the coastal border with Pakistan...In order to maintain the optimum level of wild fish stocks and to preserve the aquatic resources in the Persian Gulf and the Oman Sea, the Iranian Fisheries Organization (Shilat) has begun a restocking program. In 2006-2007, 71 million juvenile shrimp (Penaeus indicus) will be released in four coastal provinces: Sistan-Baluchestan (10 million), Hormozgan (21 million), Bushehr (30 million) and Khuzestan (10 million). Mr. Rahimi said at the end of the Fourth Five-Year National Plan, 440 million juvenile shrimp will have been released. Shilat is also planning to release 20 million fish fingerlings, 5 million juvenile lobsters and some shellfish.

Source: Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific Webpage. Shrimp: Iran to release more than 70 million juvenile shrimp in southern provinces (http://www.enaca.org/modules/news/article.php?storyid=816). Posted by Vahid Tofighi (vtofighi@gmail.com). August 6, 2006.

Freshwater Prawns

In 2003, after serving with government agencies such as the Fisheries Development Board of Malaysia, and private sector companies like Straits Marine (Thailand), Soon Cheng Enterprise (Malaysia) and Golden Hope Plantations Berhad (Malaysia), Dzulkarnain Zainal, 42, a graduate of Universiti Putra Malaysia, assisted by his wife Maznah Ibrahim, set up Sama Aquaculture, Sdn., Bhd. (Sama).

Today, the company has 36 full-time employees, manages freshwater prawn farms in western Malaysia and works with the state government of Negri Sembilan (peninsular Malaysia, southwest) to develop aquaculture.

In 2005, Dzulkarnain got involved with the state government in a project to rehabilitate neglected prawn ponds. He said, "Something must be done to turn the neglected ponds in this into productive ones.... We are confident that with the amount of larvae we produce, we can be among the major suppliers of udang galah [freshwater prawns] in this country." Currently, the supply of prawn seedstock does not meet demand. Some ponds lie fallow because of the seedstock shortage.

Dzulkarnain noted a disadvantage of the local freshwater king prawn: a head-to-tail ratio of 3:2, while the freshwater prawn in India, which is in high demand in international markets, is the other way round, with a head-to-tail ratio of 2:3.

Source: Bernama.com. Turning Neglected Ponds into Viable Aquaculture Ventures (http://www.bernama.com.my/bernama/v3/news.php?id=213134). Ahmad Syukran Shaharudin. August 10, 2006.

Northern Mariana Islands
Saipan Aquaculture, Inc.--Broodstock For Sale

Saipan Aquaculture, Inc., the first shrimp farm in the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, a nation of fourteen tropical islands in the western Pacific, will have approximately 100,000 specific pathogen resistant Penaeus vannamei broodstock ready for sale in December 2006–January 2007.

Information: Anthony Pellegrino, President, Saipan Aquaculture, Inc., P.O. Box 501808, Saipan, MP 96950 (phone 670-322-9221, fax is 670-322-9297, email tonypell@saipan.com).

Source: Email from Anthony Pellegrino to Shrimp News International on August 16, 2006.

China Looking at 250,000-Hectare Project

Over the weekend of August 5–6, 2006, a 17-man delegation from Shandong Province, China, was in Dagupan City, the Philippines, at the invitation of House Speaker Jose de Venecia, Jr., who said the Chinese were interested in a wide range of investment opportunities, many of them related to aquaculture and fisheries. Venecia said, "I...asked them to invest in developing and modernizing the production capacity of the 250,000 hectares of fishponds in the province of Pangasinan (Luzon, central west coast) by culturing white [Penaeus vannamei] or tiger shrimp [P. monodon] with 'bangus' [milkfish]."

Sources: 1. News.Balita.ph. National 07--China to invest in fisheries, industries and mass housing in RP (http://news.balita.ph/html/article.php/20060807113627362). August 7, 2006. 2. INQ7Money (http://business.inq7.net/money/breakingnews/view_article.php?article_id=14252). Chinese firms to venture into Philippine fishery (http://business.inq7.net/money/breakingnews/view_article.php?article_id=14252). Yolanda Sotelo-Fuertes. August 9, 2006.

Penaeus vannamei

Luzon, Dagupan City...On August 9, 2006, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, the President of the Philippines, said the country received more than $7 billion in commitments from Japan, China, the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank to fund its super regions program, which includes the North Luzon Agri-Business Quadrangle with its own budget of $19 million in 2007.

The Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources-National Integrated Fisheries Technology Development Center (BFAR-NIFTDC), headed by Director Westley Rosario, is situated in Bonuan Binloc, Dagupan City. With the help of others, NIFTDC successfully developed technology for breeding white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei).

Source: Sun Star Pangasinan. Arroyo announces P5B irrigation in Pangasinan (http://www.sunstar.com.ph/static/pan/2006/08/11/news/arroyo.announces.p5b.irrigation.in.pangasinan.html). Liway C. Manantan-Yparraguirre. August 11, 2006.

The Shrimp List--Dan Fegan

In a recent posting to The Shrimp List, Dan Fegan, founder of the list and regional technical manager of aquaculture for Alltech Biotechnology, Inc., in Thailand, which markets natural feed additives, commented on spam and advertising on the list:

Apologies for taking so long to deal with the recent spate of spam on the list. I have taken action to ban the sender...and have informed abuse@yahoogroups.com. Yahoogroups has greatly improved its handling of spam (I get an information message every time they block something so believe me--what gets through is a fraction of what gets sent!). Unfortunately, however, some still gets through.

I will also take the opportunity to request that members refrain from sending company advertisements to the list. Apart from being a waste of time and bandwidth (if most members are like me they immediately delete them and form a negative impression of the company) they will result in either being moved to moderated status whereby mails are approved before being allowed on the list, a ban from posting, or removal. This is not any exercise of power on my behalf, but from day one, shrimp list members have asked that the list be used for technical information exchange and not advertising.

Information: The Shrimp List is a free, email-based, unmoderated, mailing list for shrimp farmers that distributes information posted by one member of the list to all the other members. Anyone can use the lists to ask and answer questions, to keep participants up-to-date on a conference, or to pass industry news around. You don't have to participate in the discussion. You can just sit back and read the messages that interest you. Your email address is not completely exposed, so you can remain anonymous.

The easiest way to get on the Shrimp List is to send an email to "shrimp-subscribe@yahoogroups.com". That's it. You don't have to put anything in the subject field or in the body of the email. To post a message to the list, send your email to "shrimp@yahoogroups.com", and to unsubscribe, send your email to "shrimp-unsubscribe@yahoogroups.com".

Information: Daniel F. Fegan, Alltech Biotechnology Corp., Ltd., 209/1 CMIC Tower B, 17th Floor, Sukhumvit 21 Road (Asoke), Khlongtoey Nua, Wattana, Bangkok 10110, Thailand (phone +66-2-260-0888, fax +66-2-260-0886, email dfegan@alltech.com, webpage http://www.alltech.com).

Source: The Shrimp List. Subject: [shrimp] Spam etc. From: fegan@bangkokscot.com. August 9, 2006.

United States
California--Man Sees Face of Jesus on Shrimp Tail

The unidentified man mailed two pictures of the shrimp to the NBC-TV affiliate in San Jose. He said the face was a sign, as he's currently going through a nasty divorce.

Source: NBC4.com. Holy Shrimp: Man Sees Jesus in Dinner (http://www.nbc4.com/news/9638225/detail.html). August 7, 2006. Photos emailed to NBC affiliate.

United States
Virginia--Recirculate This

On a CD, the Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture (July 21-23, 2006, Roanoke, Virginia USA) contains sixty-eight papers, thirteen of them with shrimp in the title. Many of the remaining titles cover topics of interest to bio-floc shrimp farmers, like biosecurity, water quality, filtration and equipment. The CD sells for $10, a bargain!

Information: Terry Rakestraw, Virginia Tech, Mail Code 0418, Blacksburg, VA 24061 USA (phone 540-231-6805, fax 540-231-9293, email rakestra@vt.edu).

Source: The Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Recirculating Aquaculture (July 21-23, 2006, Roanoke, Virginia USA).


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