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« เมื่อ: กรกฎาคม 20, 2006, 10:20:50 AM »

Country Reports



Bangladesh
Smuggling in the Really Cheap Stuff from Myanmar (Burma)

Shrimp traders are illegally importing farmed shrimp from Myanmar, where shrimp prices are much lower, from 70% lower for high-quality shrimp to 200% lower for low-quality shrimp!
 
Sources: 1. Narinjara.com. Shrimp Smuggled to Bangladesh Fetches Higher Prices (http://www.narinjara.com/details.asp?id=751). July 3, 2006.


Bangladesh
New Research Facility

The government plans to set up a full-fledged shrimp research laboratory in Bagerhat, a southwest district near Khulna, where most of the shrimp farming takes place. Currently, the absence of a quality control laboratory hampers shrimp exports.

Source: The Financial Express. Full-fledged shrimp research lab in Bagerhat soon/Steps taken to enhance shrimp production (http://www.financialexpress-bd.com/index3.asp?cnd=7/3/2006&section_id=7&newsid=29792&spcl=no). July 3, 2006.


Europe
Drugs and Chemicals in Farmed Shrimp

During the week of June 18-24, 2006, the European Commission issued the following alerts on drugs and chemicals in imported shrimp and prawns:

• Italy notified the Commission that it found high levels of sulfites in cooked shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) from Thailand.

• The United Kingdom notified the Commission that it found a metabolite of nitrofuran in prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) from Bangladesh.

• Italy notified the Commission that it found a metabolite of nitrofuran in prawns (Macrobrachium rosenbergii) from Bangladesh.

Products subject to alerts are withdrawn from the market.

Source: Europa (http://europa.eu/index_en.htm). European Commission/Health and Consumer Protection/Protection/Overview/Food and Feed Safety. Weekly Overviews (http://ec.europa.eu/food/food/rapidalert/reports/week26-2006_en.pdf). Week 2006/26.


Malaysia
Expansion

Kuala Lumpur...On July 3, 2006, the Farmers Organization Authority signed a memorandum of understanding and cooperation with Suvarna Rekha Marines, a consulting company in India, to develop shrimp farms in Malaysia. After small-scale trials, the project could grow to 10,000 hectares. About 5,000 farmers will convert abandoned padi fields (rice) to shrimp ponds.

Source: Bernama.com. Malaysian Tiger Prawns to be Exported to US, EU (http://www.bernama.com.my/bernama/v3/news_business.php?id=206385). July 3, 2006.


United States
Arkansas--Penaeus vannamei and Water Temperatures

In the southern USA, the growing season for P. vannamei runs from June through August. Attempts at maximizing production by stocking ponds earlier in the year or harvesting them later in the year are risky. In the spring and fall, sudden cold fronts move in and water temperatures can drop to lethal limits in just a few days.

In this study, weather records for eight sites over a one-hundred-year period were used to get minimum air temperatures in the southern USA where vannamei is or might be farmed: Arcadia, Florida; Gila Bend, Arizona; Greensboro, Alabama; Hattiesburg, Mississippi; Pecos, Texas; Pine Bluff, Arkansas; Portland, Arkansas; and Tifton, Georgia.

Nighttime air temperature less than or equal to 14°C can cool water enough to kill vannamei. In this study, researchers calculated the probability of a minimum air temperature of 14°C, or less, over one, three and five days. They report:

The probabilities of one, three or five consecutive days with a minimum air temperature of less than or equal to 14°C is high (50%) from late-March through late-April (at all sites except Arcadia, Florida). Probabilities drop to 10% from early-May to early-June. In the autumn, the 10% probability level is reached in early-to-mid-September and the 50% probability level is reached by late-September to mid-October. Arcadia, Florida, has the longest period with low probabilities of low minimum air temperatures and Pecos, Texas has the shortest.

Source: The CD of the Aquaculture America 2006 and Marine Ornamentals '06 Abstracts. Beating the Cold: Probabilities of Low Nighttime Temperatures During Stocking and Harvest Seasons for Inland Shrimp Culture. Bartholomew W. Green (bgreen@spa.ars.usda.gov) and Tom W. Popham (USDA-ARS Aquaculture Systems Research Unit, UAPB Aquaculture/Fisheries Center of Excellence, Pine Bluff, AR 71601 USA). Information: John Cooksey, World Aquaculture Conference Management, P.O. Box 2302, Valley Center, CA 92082 USA (phone 760-751-5005, fax 760-751-5003, email worldaqua@aol.com, webpage www.was.org).


United States
Florida-American Shrimp

Tom Gallagher, the wealthiest candidate and lone businessman among three lawyers running for governor in Florida, has a $60,000 investment in American Shrimp, a new shrimp hatchery in the Florida Panhandle that produces postlarvae (Penaeus setiferus) for farmers who grow them to bait size and then sell them to recreational fishermen. Ralph Torres is owner and director of sales at American Shrimp. His wife Tami is spokeswoman for Gallagher's office.

Source: St. Petersburg Times Online. Tom Gallagher: GOP candidates run the financial spectrum (http://www.sptimes.com/2006/07/09/State/Tom_Gallagher__GOP_ca.shtml). Kris Hundley. July 9, 2006.


United States
Hawaii--The Return of Ceatech

In March 2005, Ceatech USA, Inc., a shrimp farm and broodstock supplier on the island of Kaua'i, filed for Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection. Ceatech Director Ernest Dias said the company was unable to pay its debts. In its bankruptcy filing, the company reported assets of between $500,000 and $1 million and debts of $1 million to $10 million.

In August 2005, Kelvin Taketa, chief executive of the Hawaii Community Foundation and the top man at Sunrise Capital, LLC, said Sunrise purchased Ceatech USA, Inc. His group of principals at Sunrise--David Cole, chief executive office of Maui Land and Pine; Ron Higgins, the chairman and CEO of Digital Island; and Bill Mills, a real estate developer--bought the company for $389,000. They have a twenty-year lease on the hatchery and farm, both located on state-owned land.

On July 14, 2006, a Hawaii newspaper reported: Hawai'i's Department of Health is in the process of finalizing a National Pollution Discharge Elimination System permit request to expand Ceatech USA Inc.'s West Kaua'i shrimp farm, but not without reservations from local environmentalists.

Dr. Gordon LaBedz, former chair of the Surfrider Foundation, a non-profit organization that works to protect the ocean, and Bruce Pleas, a Westside surfboard maker running for mayor, have appealed the permit request. Pleas said, "What are they doing dumping billions of gallons of raw shrimp (fecal matter) into the ocean?" He added that when the plant was fully operational, ocean water in the area turned a "dirty green" due to the effluent from the farm.

Under the proposed expansion, the farm would have 44 acres of shrimp ponds, generating 25 million gallons of waste.

Although the NPDES permit should be approved within a week, Department of Health officials said it was amended to address environmental concerns. State officials added that everyone who expressed concerns with the permit proposal will get a response.

Sources: 1. Honolulu Advertiser.com (newspaper, Honolulu, Hawaii, USA). Kaua'i shrimp farm goes bankrupt (http://the.honoluluadvertiser.com/article/2005/Mar/29/bz/bz10p.html). Sean Hao (staff writer, phone 525-8093, email shao@honoluluadvertiser.com.). March 29, 2005. 2. The Garden Island (newspaper, Kauai, Hawaii, USA). New Ceatech owners making progress at Kekaha (http://www.kauaiworld.com/articles/2005/08/06/news/news02.txt). Andy Gross (phone 808-245-368, extension 251, email agross@kauaipubco.com). August 6, 2005. 3. The Garden Island. Kauai News/Shrimp farm seeks expansion permit (http://www.kauaiworld.com/articles/2006/07/14/news/news03.txt). Steven Stein. July 14, 2006.
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