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ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: Shrimp News Internationnal Oct 2005  (อ่าน 9661 ครั้ง)
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« เมื่อ: ตุลาคม 18, 2005, 03:04:51 PM »

China
Recent Trends

In northern China, around the Gulf of Bohai and along the Yellow Sea coast, the shrimp farming industry (Penaeus chinensis) is beginning to show signs of recovery after having been devastated by diseases in the early 1990s.  Government researchers began breeding P. chinensis for growth rate and disease resistance in 1997.  By 2003, the average body length of the selected population increased 8.40% and average body weight increased 26.86%, compared to wild stocks.  Survival rates also improved substantially.  In 2004, a selected population of chinensis was named “Huanghai No. 1” by the Ministry of Agriculture of China.  It was popular and showed desirable results in the shrimp farming districts of Shandong and Jiangsu provinces.

Penaeus vannamei, introduced into China in 1988 from North America, became the most important farmed shrimp species by the late 1990s.  Total production of P. vannamei in 2003 was 605,000 metric tons, 51% from marine farms and 49% from freshwater farms.

Source: Aqua Culture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email zuridah@aquaasiapac.com, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com).  Recent trends in China’s aquaculture production.  Wang Qingyin (qyang@public.qd.sd.cn) and Wang Qun (wangqun@ysfri.ac.cn).  Volume 1, Number 5, Page 18, September/October 2005.


Ecuador
Dumping and the New Exporter

Studmark SA, a new Ecuadorian shrimp exporter, has asked the USA Department of Commerce to review the dumping duties as they apply to new shippers.  Studmark has certified that it is both an exporter and producer of shrimp, that it did not export shrimp to the United States during the period of the dumping investigation (POI, October 1, 2002, through September 30, 2003), and that it was not affiliated with any exporter or producer who exported shrimp to the United States during the POI.  Studmark also submitted documentation establishing the date of its first sale to an unaffiliated customer in the United States.

DOC will render its “preliminary” decision in 180 days.  That decision will set a company-specific tariff level for Studmark!

Source: Seafood.com (an online, fee-based, fisheries news service).  Studmark SA gets DOC to initiate new shipper review for shipping shrimp from Ecuador.  Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email jsackton@seafood.com).  October 4, 2005.


India
Viral Test Kit

Scientists at the College of Fisheries (Department of Aquaculture) have developed a simple, rapid, inexpensive, monoclonal antibody-based, test kit for detecting whitespot virus in shrimp.  It cuts the time to do the test to ten minutes and the price to around $1.30, compared to $9 for an imported kit.

Source: SeaWeb Aquaculture Center (aquaculture news and information from around the world, clearinghouse@seaweb.org).  Kit to detect whitespot virus in shrimps developed.  October 3, 2005.


Madagascar
Broodstock Exports

Ravi Kumar, a shrimp hatchery manager in Madagascar, requests information: We want to export Penaeus monodon broodstock from Madagascar to Asia, a trip of at least 20 hours.  We need information on how to do it and where to get the shipping containers.

Source: Email to Shrimp News from Ravi Kumar (toravi999@yahoo.co.in) on October 4, 2005.


Panama
Organic Conference in Spanish

Organic Shrimp—The Way of the Future will be held in Panama City, Panama, on November 16-18, 2005.  It will feature two days of presentations, roundtable discussions at the end of each day and a trade show.  On November 19, 2005, an optional workshop on the economics of organic shrimp farming will be conducted by Naturland, a German organization that certifies organic shrimp farms.

The English program can be found at the following webpage: http://www.gfce.org/camaron2005/english/program.htm.

Here’s the most recent version of the program in Spanish:

• Efecto del oxígeno disuelto sobre la supervivencia al virus WSSV y sobre el conteo de hemocitos en camarón.

• Sistemas heterotróficos en estanques y su aplicación.

• Fertilización: booster natural y controlado.

• Evaluación de dietas de origen vegetal para el cultivo intensivo y super intensivo del camarón.

• Alternativa en el manejo de finca para una producción segura.

• Metodología de producción orgánica en Ecuador y Brasil.

• Desarrollo de dietas sin componentes de pescado.

• ISO 9000 para la industria del camarón.

• Antibióticos en camarón: regulaciones de los mercados causas y soluciones para la seguridad de las exportaciones.

• Resultados exitosos de la industria acuícola 5 años después de la mancha blanca.

• Avances del programa de mejoramiento genético.

• Nutrición orgánica.

• Aireación combinada en producción orgánica.

• Transmisión del virus de mionecrosis infecciosa (IMNV).

• Mercado de productos orgánicos.

• Mercado del camarón de cultivo: 2005-2006 y el Rol Orgánico.

• El Enfoque Orgánico.

Information: Manuel Alzamora, Conference Manager, Grupo De Ferias, Congresos Y Eventos, S.A., Panama Hotel, P.O. Box 0816-02898, Panama 5, Panama (phone 507-236-5196, mobile 507-612-6919, fax 507-236-6652, email camaroncito032003@yahoo.com, webpage www.gfce.org/camaron2005).

Source: Email from Manuel Alzamora on October 7, 2005.


Thailand
INVE

In September 2005, INVE Aquaculture, a supplier of shrimp hatchery feeds, launched “HIGH 5”, an Artemia cyst with the following characteristics:

1. Fast separation of nauplii from shells

2. Added “Berberis” extract results in Vibrio-clean nauplii

3. Nauplii have 20% higher dry biomass than other Artemia nauplii

4. All cysts hatch at the same time

5. Cysts can be incubated at high densities

INVE also introduced a Sano line of aquaculture health products, which includes probiotics and immunostimulants for shrimp.

Speakers at the meeting:

Mr. Frank Indigne, CEO, INVE Group
Dr. Philippe Léger, Business Unit Manager, INVE Aquaculture
Dr. Patrick Lavens, Business Development Manager, INVE Aquaculture Health
Ir. Eddy Naessens, Artemia R&D Manager, INVE Technologies

 Source: Aquafeed.com (The FREE E-zine for aquafeed professionals, http://www.aquafeed.com).  INVE launches new Artemia product and range of disease prevention solutions (http://www.aquafeed.com/article.php?id=1394&sectionid=2).  Suzi Fraser, Editor/Publisher.  October 6, 2005.


United States
Florida-OceanBoy Farms

The July/August 2005 issue of Fish Farming News (below) contains a section on shrimp farming and a long article on OceanBoy Farms, a shrimp farm in Florida.  Here are some excerpts from the article on OceanBoy:

In 2005, OceanBoy Farms, an inland farm that grows marine shrimp in freshwater, will harvest some 1.2 million pounds (heads-on) of certified organic shrimp, most of it grown at the company’s Little Cypress farm, located in the heart of the Everglades, about 25 miles south of the company’s headquarters and processing plant in Clewiston, a small town on the shores of Lake Okeechobee.  Over the next few years, the company has plans for a sixfold increase in production capacity at Little Cypress.

“We’re making a very full transition from R&D into a commercial enterprise,” said Steven Walton, OceanBoy’s new president and chief operating officer.  Walton comes to OceanBoy after a successful marketing career with such consumer product giants as Unilever and ConAgra.  He has been involved in the development and marketing of popular consumer brands such as Peter Pan Peanut Butter and Wesson Oil.  Walton said demand for OceanBoy’s shrimp is so strong that he expects the entire harvest to be sold as fresh product this year.

Most of its current crop is being grown in 24, 4-acre ponds at the 900-acre Little Cypress farm.  According to Michael Mogollon, the company’s vice president for production, the company has enough land at the Little Cypress farm to build 50 more ponds and there’s room for 75 ponds on the company’s adjoining, 700 acre, Green Farm.  In all, Mogollon said, the company’s goal is to have 150 production ponds at Little Cypress and Green Farm, and let the original Labelle farm become primarily an R&D facility.

Source: Fish Farming News (editor Richard Martin, rmartin@fish-news.com).  Shrimp Focus: OceanBoy Farms sees rosy future for its pond grown marine shrimp.  Stephen Rappaport (srappaport@fish-news.com).  Volume-12, Page-17, July/August 2005.


Vietnam
A Shrimp Farmer in Vietnam

Phan, a shrimp farmer in Vietnam, uses water from garlic to treat his ponds.  He says that shrimp from “garlicked” ponds are healthier and grow faster than shrimp from non-garlicked ponds.  Using shrimp shell color as a guide, Phan says he can predict the number of days to harvest.  His area has acid sulphate soils, so farmers use HDPE liners.

In 2003, Phan got $8.00 a kilo for 30 count tiger shrimp.  By June 2005, the price had fallen to $5.33 a kilo.  Phan says farmers need $6.00 to make a profit.  If prices don’t improve, he will delay harvesting his ponds, already in their fourth month of production, so that he can harvest larger, more valuable shrimp later in the year.

Despite all the grumbling, a feed supplier says farmers’ profit margins are good.  He says the cost of production is $3.3 a kilo and that farmers get a feed conversion ratio of 1.2:1 from Uni-President’s premium shrimp feed (“LA One”).  Feed costs account for forty percent of production costs.

Source: Aqua Culture Asia Pacific (Editor/Publisher, Zuridah Merican, email zuridah@aquaasiapac.com, webpage www.aquaasiapac.com).  Focus on shrimp culture management (A secret recipe and innovations in aeration).  Volume 1, Number 5, Page 10.  September/October 2005
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