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ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: Marine gene patents could encourage biopiracy  (อ่าน 3588 ครั้ง)
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« เมื่อ: กันยายน 16, 2010, 08:46:05 AM »


Marine species with patented genes increases annually by 12 per cent. (Photo: Angel F. Medina, CSIC)

Marine gene patents could encourage biopiracy

SPAIN
Thursday, September 16, 2010, 03:30 (GMT + 9)

The Superior Council for Scientific Research (CSIC) has revealed that the number of marine species with patented genes increases annually by 12 per cent, meaning that it grows 10 times faster than the description of new species.
 
Currently, there are over 18,000 natural products and 4,900 marine gene patents with biotechnological and medical applications that are in operation.
 
The data in the CSIC report, published in a report titled Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), are part of the Malaspina Project 2010, which begins in December.
 
This initiative will assess the impact of global change on the sea and explore the biodiversity of deeper oceans.
 
According to Jesus M. Arrieta, coordinator of the study, he says it "shows that marine biodiversity is valuable as a source of substantial scientific advances and, moreover, has enormous economic value added that is not always taken into account."
 
For the scientist, "the number of species with patented genes in itself is not alarming," but "the possibility that the genetic information of wild organisms ending up being private property, through a poorly regulated patent process, raises some concerns," reports the newspaper El Mundo.
 
While the main threats to these resources remain the same as those affecting biodiversity in general, such as climate change, ocean acidification and destruction of marine ecosystems, experts worry that there is no obligation to declare the source of original biological materials when filing a patent on a gene.
 
Researchers believe that the absence of control mechanisms "create risks of biopiracy."
 
By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
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