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ผู้เขียน หัวข้อ: Use and exchange of aquatic resources relevant for food and aquaculture: common  (อ่าน 3218 ครั้ง)
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aranya
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« เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 28, 2010, 05:08:12 PM »

Use and exchange of aquatic resources relevant for food and aquaculture: common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.)

Zsigmond Jeney1 and Zhu Jian2
1 Research Institute for Fisheries, Aquaculture and Irrigation, Szarvas, Hungary
2 Freshwater Fisheries Research Centre, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Jiangsu, China


Abstract

This review describes the genetic resources of common carp relevant for food
through fisheries and aquaculture. Common carp is naturally distributed in a
large part of Asia and Europe and has been introduced worldwide and is
reputed to have been cultured for centuries. Its status in Asia and Europe is
discussed in detail. The rich diversity of carp in Asian aquaculture is described,
with an emphasis on China, the largest producer in the world. In Central and
Eastern Europe common carp is the most important ‘freshwater species’, and
60 ‘national’ and 25 ‘foreign’ strains are described in the most recent Catalogue
of Carp Breeds (Bogeruk 2008). There are different systems for the management
and conservation of carp genetic diversity depending on the level of state
involvement, and these systems are described for selected countries ⁄ regions,
such as China and central and eastern European countries. The latter countries
are in a current ‘transition period’ and a tendency of ‘state-withdrawal’ is
evident. However, it is not yet clear whether the market alone is able ⁄ ready
to take over the responsibility and cost of the management and conservation
of carp genetic diversity.

Key words: Asia, common carp, Europe, genetic resources.
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