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1  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Aquaculture News / Scientists study sea cucumbers for sustainable aquaculture เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 04, 2011, 09:06:15 AM

Researchers wish to uncover the potential of sea cucumbers as a natural, organic cleaner for fish farms. (Photo: Newcastle University/FIS)

Scientists study sea cucumbers for sustainable aquaculture

UNITED KINGDOM
Friday, February 04, 2011, 00:30 (GMT + 9)


A team of scientists at Newcastle University are investigating how sea cucumbers can be used to create a sustainable farming in the sea.

Sea cucumber expert and part of Professor Selina Stead's team, Dr Matthew Slater, said the aim of the research is to learn about the animal’s potential as a natural, organic cleaner for fish farms around the world and as a nutritious food source.

“We wanted to find a way to clean up waste produced by large-scale aquaculture so that farming activities in the sea have little or no impact on the ocean floor,” explained Slater. “By growing sea cucumbers on waste from fish farms we are not only farming a valuable food product and giving the wild sea cucumber populations a chance to recover, we are also developing solutions to fish farming impacts.”

The sea cucumber project is being presented as part of a marine conference held at the university this week, which marks the beginning of the marine Newcastle network. It will unite the university’s world-leading experts in marine science and technology to resolve how to tackle vital challenges facing the marine environment now and in the future.

“By bringing together world-class scientists from a range of research disciplines, our goal is to find ways in which we can continue to use the seas as a source of food, energy and for transport, but use them responsibly and sustainably so we protect them now and for the future,” stated Professor Tony Clare, Newcastle University’s Marine Newcastle Co-ordinator.

The team has until now run most of the work at Newcastle University’s Dove Marine Laboratory. The team will next introduce the sea cucumbers to fish farms around the UK and raise them as both cleaners and food for human consumption.

As well, the team is spearheading a major aquaculture scheme in Tanzania, where animals are being raised in lagoon-based cages in a hatchery built to produce juveniles.

Stead, former President of the European Aquaculture Society, said this significant food export can give good livelihoods and a sustainable alternative to people.

“One of the key aims of the project is to find solutions for developing community-led aquaculture in East Africa as a way of tackling poverty,” she explained. “Sea cucumbers are fairly simple to farm, they just require clean water and plenty of food in the form of nutrient-rich waste.

“Man’s impact on the sea has escalated in recent decades and it is vital we work quickly to try to reverse some of the problems we have caused.  Key species of sea cucumbers are already dangerously close to extinction unless we pull back now and give them a chance to recover,” she concluded.

Related articles:

- NGO warns of over-fishing of sea cucumbers, sharks and spondylus molluscs
- Sea urchins, sea cucumbers, a source of Omega-3


By Natalia Real
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
2  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Aquaculture News / AquaChile and BioMar to build tilapia feed plant เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 04, 2011, 09:02:51 AM

AquaChile is the largest Chilean salmon company and BioMar is one of the leaders worldwide in the production of fish feed. (Photo: BioMar/FIS)

AquaChile and BioMar to build tilapia feed plant
COSTA RICA
Friday, February 04, 2011, 02:40 (GMT + 9)


AquaChile and BioMar are to collaborate on building a fish feed plant in Costa Rican territories, which will require an investment of USD 15 million.

The heads of both companies expect the plant to begin production in 2012, and supply a high quality product to producers of tilapia and other species of Central and South America.

"We are very pleased with this new project, as it will allow us to continue expanding our operations in other markets and species, in line with our growth strategy," said the Vice President of BioMar Americas, Felipe Ureta.

"For numerous years, we have been supplying Empresas AquaChile with fish feed for salmon and trout in Chile through a joint venture that we have maintained, just as we have done with their company in Costa Rica, as suppliers of suppliments for juvenile tilapia, which has become a very sustainable species which is able to produce high quality protein for human consumption," he continued explaining.

He added: "This new investment is an exciting opportunity to capitalize on our current position as a leader in the innovation and development of the highest quality fish feed and an interesting platform to enhance our future growth in the Americas and around the world."

For its part, Alfonso Marquez de la Plata, CEO of Empresas AquaChile, said that "one of the biggest benefits of this transaction will be access to the latest knowledge in nutrition and feed development."

"We will be working with one of the world's leading fish food companies on developing innovative and cost-effective diets for the production of tilapia, a species which is growing in popularity and will continue to do so given its taste and sustainability," he said.

Meanwhile, Carlos Enrique Gonzalez, chairman of Grupo ACI, which is owned by AquaChile, added: "One of the main benefits of this agreement is that we will have access to the latest knowledge in the development of nutrition and feeding."

The joint project will ensure "traceability along the value chain," ofr both companies, he stressed.

AquaChile is the largest Chilean-owned salmon company and BioMar is one of the leading companies worldwide in the production of feed for salmon, trout, sea bass and sea bream, among other resources.

AquaChile owns 80 per cent of Grupo ACI, one of the leading producers of tilapia in Latin America and a major exporter of fresh tilapia to the United States.


By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
3  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Over 4,200 square miles of Gulf waters re-opened to royal red shrimping เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 04, 2011, 08:59:20 AM

NOAA re-opened the royal red shrimp fishing grounds on 2 February 2011. (Photo: NOAA/FIS)

Over 4,200 square miles of Gulf waters re-opened to royal red shrimping

UNITED STATES
Friday, February 04, 2011, 03:50 (GMT + 9)


The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) will reopen 4,213 square miles of Gulf of Mexico federal waters off Louisiana, Mississippi and Alabama to royal red shrimping.

The area was closed to this type of deep water fishing on 24 November as a precautionary measure after a commercial shrimper discovered tar balls in his net.

The "fingerprint" analysis to determine whether the source of the tar balls was the Deepwater Horizon/BP oil was inconclusive. Further fish and shrimp sampling and testing from the area showed no oil or dispersant contamination.

This reopening was announced after consultation with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA). All commercial and recreational fishing is allowed within this area.

“Extensive testing of royal red shrimp and other fish from this area revealed they are safe to eat,” said Roy Crabtree, assistant NOAA administrator for NOAA’s Fisheries Service southeast region.

“Seafood safety and consumer confidence remain a priority for NOAA, and we will continue monitoring Gulf seafood for as long as necessary to ensure its integrity,” he continued.


Reopened fishing area (in hashmarks) on February 2, 2011. Closure area may be updated daily as necessary. (Map: NOAA)

NOAA continues to work closely with the FDA and the Gulf states to ensure seafood safety. Additionally, the agency is continuing its post-spill broad-scale seafood sampling strategy that includes sampling seafood from inside and outside the closure area.

To date, all seafood tested by NOAA and FDA post-spill demonstrates seafood is safe for consumption. Results from the sensory analysis found no detectable oil or dispersant odors or flavors, and results from the chemical analysis for oil-related compounds and dispersants were well below the levels of concern.

Royal red shrimp are caught in Gulf waters deeper than 600 feet and are the only shrimp species targeted with trawls at these depths. The more common Gulf shrimp species are brown, white and pink shrimp, and are caught in waters less than 300 feet deep. NOAA has not received reports of tar balls in fishing catches at shallower depths in this area.

These waters were initially closed to all commercial and recreational fishing last summer because of the Deepwater Horizon/BP oil spill and were reopened to all fishing on 15 November after hundreds of seafood specimens sampled from the area, including royal red shrimp, passed both sensory and chemical testing.

An area covering 1,041 square miles immediately surrounding the wellhead still remains closed to all commercial and recreational fishing. The fishing area closure was first instituted on 2 May, at which time it covered about 3 percent (6,817 square miles) of Gulf waters around the wellhead. As oil continued to spill from the wellhead, the area grew in size, peaking at 37 per cent (88,522 square miles) of Gulf waters on 2 June.

editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
4  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Aquaculture News / FAO helps to promote aquaculture in Nicaragua เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 04, 2011, 08:55:29 AM

The assistance comes at an opportune moment, as world wide fish consumption has reached record levels partly due to aquaculture. (Photo: Inpesca)

FAO helps to promote aquaculture in Nicaragua

NICARAGUA
Friday, February 04, 2011, 03:20 (GMT + 9)


The Nicaraguan Government - through the Nicaraguan Fisheries Institute (Inpesca) - and the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) presented a program that aims to promote the production and consumption of products from aquaculture.

It is expected that the 'National Plan for Small Scale and Limited Resources: Rural, Urban and Suburban Aquaculture will benefit farmers of a small scale with limited resources on aspects of production, aquatic health, epidemiological surveillance, promotion of seafood consumption, technology transfer and usage, among other issues.

According to the chief executive of Inpesca, Steadman Fagoth, the program was developed through workshops and thematic consultations at a nationwide level.

The FAO believes that Nicaragua has great potential to develop aquaculture.

In addition, the FAO representative in Nicaragua, Gero Vaagt, highlighted the efforts made by the Government of Nicaragua to encourage the intake of fish products, although he admitted that there are some problems in doing so.

"We are seeing difficulties, but at the same time we see opportunities. And for a country in which the agricultural sector is so important, as in Nicaragua, we see more opportunities to deepen and strengthen agricultural production and consumption of fishery products," said Vaagt.

The FAO representative also commented that the presentation of this plan comes at a very opportune time, since this week came a FAO report which reveals that the consumption of fish reached a world record of 17 kg person, thanks to a considerable contribution from aquaculture.

Related article:

- Fish consumption reaches record high as industry continues to grow


By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
5  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Aquaculture News / Senators reintroduce legislation to ban GE salmon เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 02, 2011, 10:41:49 AM

U.S. Senator Mark Begich believes GM salmon is risky, unprecedented and unnecessary. (Photo: begich.senate.gov)

Senators reintroduce legislation to ban GE salmon

UNITED STATES
Wednesday, February 02, 2011, 01:30 (GMT + 9)

US Senators Mark Begich (D-Alaska) and Lisa Murkowski (R-Alaska) this week introduced legislation to ban genetically engineered (GE) salmon. This legislation plus a companion bill requiring the labelling of GE fish pertain to AquaBounty Technologies’ GE salmon currently under review by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA).

“Frankenfish threatens our wild stocks, their habitat, our food safety, and would bring economic harm to Alaska’s wild salmon fishermen,” Begich contested. “Genetically modified (GM) salmon, the first such hybrid to be considered for human consumption, is risky, unprecedented and unnecessary.”

Murkowski expressed her strong opposition to the administration’s approval of GE salmon, calling its mere consideration of it “completely irresponsible” given the FDA’s failure to examine the impact the fish would have on Alaska’s wild salmon stocks.

“The FDA has not studied the environmental effects, let alone the economic impacts on the salmon and seafood markets that would result from approval,” she stressed.

This week’s bill introduction is in fact a reintroduction of legislation that Begich sponsored and Murkowski co-sponsored in the last Congressional session.

The FDA has not communicated when it plans to make its decision on AquaBounty’s GM salmon proposal, and the senators are striving to move their legislation swiftly.

“We’re going to keep trying,” said Begich’s press secretary, Julie Hasquet, reports Juneau Empire. “We weren’t going to give up just because the session ended.”

Last September, Begich and Murkowski were two of 10 senators who sent a letter to the FDA citing concerns regarding the review process and the questionable safety of approving a GE animal for human consumption.

AquaBounty’s proposal to produce “frankenfish,” which the FDA is considering, entails a hybrid Atlantic salmon modified with a Chinook salmon growth gene and an antifreeze gene from ocean pout, an eel-like fish. The genetic modification lets the farmed salmon grow much faster and larger than it would naturally.

Apart from Begich and Murkowski, the legislation to ban GE fish in the US is co-sponsored by Sen Patty Murray (D-Washington), and the bill requiring labelling in case the GE fish is approved for human consumption is co-sponsored by Sen Murray and Sen Ron Wyden (D-Oregon).

Related articles:

- Congress fights FDA approval of GE salmon

- Congress urges FDA to halt GE salmon approval process

- Consumers Union worries GE salmon is unsafe

By Natalia Real
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
6  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Austevoll and Norway Pelagic sign deal for possible merger เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 02, 2011, 09:40:56 AM

The two companies are yet to agree on a final merger plan. (Photo: Austevoll Seafood)

Austevoll and Norway Pelagic sign deal for possible merger
NORWAY
Wednesday, February 02, 2011, 02:00 (GMT + 9)


Austevoll Seafood ASA (AUSS) has signed a deal with Norway Pelagic ASA (NPEL) regarding a possible merger between AUSS’s wholly owned subsidiary Austevoll Fisk AS and NPEL’s Norway Pelagic AS. NPEL will give shares to AUSS as compensation if the merger is completed.

Norwegian seafood producer NPEL would thereby further fortify its position as the leading player in Norway’s pelagic industry.

“This is a major step in the ongoing consolidation and restructuring of the pelagic industry in Norway which will benefit both customers and suppliers and increase the added value for the fish landed in Norway,” NPEL said in a statement. 

Austevoll Fisk AS’s activities are based on pelagic fisheries in the North Atlantic and entail the purchase, production and export of pelagic fish. The subsidiary now owns 60 per cent of the shares of Sir Fish AS in Sirevåg, 100 per cent of Austevoll Fiskeindustri AS in Austevoll, 66 per cent of Modolv Sjøset AS in Træna, 50 per cent of North Capelin Honningsvåg AS in Honningsvåg and 25 per cent of Shetland Catch Ltd in Shetland.

This transaction excludes the business related to slaughtering and processing of salmon within Austevoll Fiskeindustri AS.

The new merger would facilitate a competitive group with robust opportunities for the exploitation of large-scale synergies in the areas of production/processing, sales and distribution and with the ability for extra growth.

AUSS believes that thanks to the merger, the company will be able to follow its efforts to craft a future-oriented and burly participant within the sector. The transaction will also let AUSS fuse its economic interests in this sector in Europe into a single competitive unit.

“AUSS is looking forward to the future development of Norway Pelagic ASA,” the company said in a statement.

Both parties have agreed as an interim measure that 2,768,954 shares in NPEL will be given to AUSS in compensation in the merger deal, which if completed will boost AUSS’s ownership holding in NPEL from 33 per cent to 43 per cent.

The agreement was signed with reservations, such as inter alia due diligence investigations, required public permissions and authorisations, agreement on final merger consideration, that the boards of directors agree on a final merger plan and approval of the merger plan in the general meetings of shareholders in NPEL and the merging entities.

The due diligence investigations are anticipated to begin this month.

Related articles:

- Norway Pelagic achieves low Q2 revenues

- Pelagic giant Norway Pelagic grows bigger


By Natalia Real
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com


 
7  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Regional organization cuts quota for horse mackerel in South Pacific เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 02, 2011, 09:38:19 AM

The horse mackerel quota will be 40 per cent lower than it was in 2010. (Photo: Asipes)

Regional organization cuts quota for horse mackerel in South Pacific

CHILE
Wednesday, February 02, 2011, 02:40 (GMT + 9)


Member countries of the Regional Organization for South Pacific Fisheries (ORP) have accepted a recommendation by the Interim Scientific Committee to lower quotas for horse mackerel (Trachurus murphy) in the area by 40 per cent this year, compared to those in 2010.

The delegation from Chile at the Second Preparatory Conference of the ORP's Plenary Meeting was able to establish an interim measure to limit fishing for mackerel by state.

"We adopted a catch reduction of 40 per cent for the year 2011, that is, each state will only capture up to 60 per cent of what they captured in 2010. For the Government of Chile that is an achievement, because we could not accept a quota greater than that established by Chile," said the head of the Subsecretary of Fisheries, Pablo Galilea.

Also, participants at the meeting held in Cali, Colombia, decided that they will conduct an evaluation of stock levels this year.

Based on the results, they will revise the measure and define a new catch limit if necessary, reports the newspaper La Tercera.

For its part, the National Fisheries Society (Sonapesca) said the new interim measures were not adopted by consensus, as they were rejected by Cuba, Venezuela, Korea and the Faroe Islands.

"China, surprisingly, at the last minute, reserved its approval to consult with their authorities, and will answer to the interim secretariat. Without doubt, the lack of consensus achieved will weaken the organization in the future, especially if China does not concur with him," stated a source from Sonapesca, reports strategy.

After the meeting, the Chilean delegates proposed that Chile should host the Third Preparatory Conference of the Entry into Force of the convention, which will be held between 30 January to 3 February 2012.

Related article:
- Chile seeks agreement with Peru to protect horse mackerel



By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
8  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Toothfish quota cut for South Georgia เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 02, 2011, 09:35:42 AM

The toothfish fishery has recently been re-certified by the Marine Stewardship Council as being sustainably managed. (Photo: Mercopress)

Toothfish quota cut for South Georgia

S. GEORGIA & S. SANDWICH
Wednesday, February 02, 2011, 03:10 (GMT + 9)


The South Georgia toothfish (Dissostichus eleginoides) quota dropped from 2800 tonnes to 1800 tonnes this year, with a reduction in the number of vessels from 9 to 6, confirmed the Senior Executive of the Government of South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands (GSGSSI) Martin Collins.

Mr Collins explained that this is based, “… on the latest scientific advice from our scientific consultants (MRAG).”

Licensing for toothfish in South Georgia waters took place last month.

He added, “The fishery is managed within the CCAMLR framework and many of the conservation measures are decided by CCAMLR.  Many are aimed at reducing bird by-catch, which was previously a major issue and include the seasonal closures, line-weighting regimes and night setting regulations.  Only four birds have been killed in the last four seasons.”

The Pharos SG patrols the SGMZ every month, inspecting licensed vessels and looking out for any illegal vessels.  Mr Collins said the South Georgia Government was not aware of any illegal activity since the trawler Elqui five years ago.  The Government Officers inspect all vessels at King Edward Point before licences are issued. All vessels carry observers.

Asked how policing is undertaken while the Pharos is in dry dock, as it is presently, Mr Collins said, “For obvious reasons, our preference is that the movements of the patrol vessel are not made public. The Pharos is not our only means of surveillance and, in addition, every vessel visiting South Georgia is asked to report back to GSGSSI on any fishing vessels they encounter.”

South Georgia licenses are also allocated for ice fish and krill. Mr Collins said, “Icefish licensing has already happened with 2305 tonnes of quota allocated to four vessels (three Falkland Islands flagged and one Chilean). The krill fishery at South Georgia is largely a winter one and information for applicants will be circulated shortly.”

The toothfish fishery takes around 2500 tonnes of toothfish per year and in the 2010 season involved 9 vessels from six flag states (UK, Spain, NZ, Chile, Uruguay and South Africa). All vessels carry an international observer throughout the fishing season. There is a small by-catch of grenadiers (around 100 tonnes) and skates, but most of the latter are released alive.

The fishery has recently been re-certified by the Marine Stewardship Council (MSC) as being sustainably managed. This is the most important fishery for South Georgia, with licenses generating around GBP 2.5 million in income.

Source: Lisa Watson/Mercopress

editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com


9  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Aquaculture News / New National Aquaculture Charter published เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 02, 2011, 09:33:56 AM

Through the National Aquaculture Charter, the Government seeks to enhance the ability to develop aquaculture in Mexico. (Photo: Sagarpa)

New National Aquaculture Charter published
MEXICO
Wednesday, February 02, 2011, 04:00 (GMT + 9)

The Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, Rural Development, Fisheries and Food (Sagarpa) has released the National Aquaculture Charter, which was prepared and completed by the National Fisheries Institute (Inapesca), among others.

The main objectives of the Charter are to:

    * Be a management tool for actions relating to aquaculture in communities;
    * Provide summary information of the regulations in the field of aquaculture;
    * Guide the general public about the conditions under which aquaculture activities should be conducted in waters under federal jurisdiction, including protected natural areas;
    * Guide users on the status of resources.

The Charter provides information on activity indicators, development of biotechnology, cultivation areas and species used for aquaculture, common and scientific names, status and harvesting development, geographical distribution, morphology, relevant aspects of their life cycle, feeding habitat and the natural environment, among other issues.

Among the species suitable for commercial aquaculture include: bluefin tuna, catfish, Pacific white shrimp, carp, freshwater lobster, Malaysian shrimp, freshwater ornamental fish, bullfrogs, tilapia and rainbow trout.

Furthermore, the Charter highlights the issue of health and aquaculture management, the importance of preventing diseases to prevent the loss of production, and the need to ensure product quality and safety of aquaculture through the Aquaculture Health Practice.

The National Aquaculture Charter, published on 31 January in the Official Journal of the Federation (DOF), was developed based on information provided by various agencies of the Public Administration, such as the National Commission of Aquaculture and Fisheries (Conapesca), Inapesca, Federal Subdelegates of Fisheries and State Governments, and by the national academic sector, represented by scientific research institutions and the civil society.

By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
10  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Fishing vessels seized for owing millions in fines เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 02, 2011, 09:32:03 AM

The Minister of Production, Jorge Villasante, taking part in the operation carried out in Callao. (Photo: Produce)

Fishing vessels seized for owing millions in fines

PERU
Wednesday, February 02, 2011, 04:40 (GMT + 9)


In order to carry out the compulsory collection of millions of dollars worth of debts resulting from fines, the Ministry of Production (Produce) has for the first time, conducted the seizure of fishing vessels during an unannounced raid in Callao, which soon spread throughout the coast.

"From the review we conducted, it is estimated that over 100 vessels owe a collective amount higher than PEN 60 million (USD 21.4 million), which are now ready to be collected in the way of compulsion. Also, more than PEN 150 million (USD 53.4 million) in fines are to be charged as were temporarily stalled by appeals to the Judicial Branch," explained the Minister of Production, Jorge Villasante, who headed the operation.

In this regard, it became apparent that it is not possible for companies that have access to fishing rights and permissions, to not fulfill their obligations. He noted that if companies fail to pay their debts, the procedure may end with the seizure of the vessel.

"There is a clear message to management: if you have access to fishing rights by the administration, you must fulfill your obligations. And if you break the rules, comply with the fines and pay them, as that is why specific regulations exist," said the head of the sector.

Along with inspectors from the Coercive Execution of the Ministry of Production, the minister moved to Los Ferrol, in Callao, to proceed with an embargo on the Lulu fishing vessel, owned by the company San Juan Bautista, which owes PEN 40,284 (USD 14,350), and the Ceci, owned by Los Molinos SRL, with a debt of PEN 241,560 (USD 80,100).

From this measure, the vessels will remain at port, with no rights of departure, as they have not complied by paying the fine which has been requested by the coercive executor.

While this operation was carried out for the first time in Callao, Minister Villasante announced that they will continue the operation in other fishing areas, such as Chimbote, Paita, Sechura, Matarani and Mollendo.

It was reported that the largest amount of fines that have not been paid have been imposed upon vessels with infractions for fishing within five miles of the coast, and are in fact intended for artesanal fishing and have not emited signals through their satellite system in order to avoid fisheries regulations.

editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
11  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / aroese failure to receive MSC certification is pleasing: SPFA เมื่อ: กุมภาพันธ์ 02, 2011, 09:26:51 AM

Ian Gatt, chief executive of the Scottish Pelagic Fishermen Association. (Photo: YouTube/STVNews)

Faroese failure to receive MSC certification is pleasing: SPFA

UNITED KINGDOM
Tuesday, February 01, 2011, 04:00 (GMT + 9)


Scottish fishermen have welcomed the failure of a bid by the Faroe Islands to seek Marine Stewardship Council certification for their mackerel fishery.

The Scottish Government had lodged an objection to the Faroese application to have their mackerel fishery independently certified as being sustainable because of their decision to set a massively increased unilateral quota for 2010, which was three times larger than their previous share. They have also walked away from talks for a new 2011 international agreement.

Ian Gatt, chief executive of the Scottish Pelagic Fishermen’s Association (SPFA), said: “We welcome the Scottish Government’s intervention and are pleased that their objection has been upheld."

“This will send a strong message to the Faroese that their irresponsible actions will not be tolerated because it threatens the sustainability of an important fishery that has been carefully nurtured by Scotland."

“It will also help consumers make informed choices so that they can ensure their mackerel purchases only come from sustainable fisheries such as that responsibly harvested by Scotland."

“We fully support the exacting MSC standard and its tough accreditation scheme where fisheries are extensively scrutinised. It is only right that if a fishery fails to make the standard that it should be exempted from certification.”

editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
12  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Consultation aims to boost protection of marine resources เมื่อ: มกราคม 28, 2011, 06:38:47 AM

Coral Garden in the Philippines. (Photo: gov.ph)

Consultation aims to boost protection of marine resources

PHILIPPINES
Friday, January 28, 2011, 04:00 (GMT + 9)


A consultation on the country’s integrated coastal management (ICM) scheme has begun in an effort to enhance protection of the Philippines’ marine biodiversity.

Some 70 officials from various government agencies, NGOs and local government units in the Luzon region took part in the first meeting to devise input that will be used to improve the current programme.

Carlo C Custudio, executive director of the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) Coastal and Marine Management Office (CMMO), told that already in 2006, the national government took on integrated coastal management as a development approach for the coastal and marine environment as per Executive Order 533, which was signed by then-president Maria Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo.

It was not until now that the national programme will be revised so it can tackle the multifaceted environmental and socioeconomic matters the sector is up against. The objective is to promote the most efficient use and sustainable development possible of coastal and marine environmental resources, reports Baird Maritime.


The CMMO has collected data on the Philippines’ coastal and marine resources and found that the country possesses a grand total of 36,289 km of coastline -- one of the most extensive worldwide. Moreover, findings demonstrated that 832 of the country’s 1,541 cities and municipalities are located on the coast and that 62 per cent of the population lives in that area.

The coastal resources include 468 species of scleractinian corals and more than 50 species of soft corals that span approximately 25,000 sqkm, seagrasses covering 27,282 sqm, about 1,755 reef-associated species of fish, five marine turtle species, seaweeds, mollusks, mangroves and further marine mammals.

According to Mundita Lim, director of the Protected Area and Wildlife Bureau (PAWB), the country’s coastal resources are facing threats as a result of factors such as mounting population and poverty; overfishing, dynamite fishing and pollution; and coral bleaching resulting from climate change, which is causing water temperatures to rise.

“Our marine resources are now in a ‘sorry’ condition. We have only about 25 per cent of the mangroves left and only about five percent of the coral reefs are in excellent condition. Add to this the 62 per cent of the country’s total population living in the coastal area,” Lim stressed.

By Natalia Real
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
13  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / NGO warns of over-fishing of sea cucumbers, sharks and spondylus molluscs เมื่อ: มกราคม 28, 2011, 06:28:09 AM

Environmentalists denounced overfishing of sharks, sea cucumbers and spondylus mollusks. (Photo: Balance Blue/SRP/FIS)

NGO warns of over-fishing of sea cucumbers, sharks and spondylus molluscs

ECUADOR
Friday, January 28, 2011, 00:00 (GMT + 9)


The environmental organization Equilibrio Azul, has alleged that there is overfishing of three resources in Ecuadorian waters: sea cucumbers, sharks and spondylus molluscs.

According to Felipe Vallejo, a spokesman for the NGO, "The problem is that sharks reproduce very slowly, the sea cucumber has fallen wildly in the coast of Ecuador and the Galapagos, and stocks of the spondylus have also dropped sharply, as it only exists in a specific area of Latin America."

According to the environmentalist, it is very difficult to control illegal fishing in the Galapagos National Park, among other protected areas.

He also said that neither the Park nor the State "have sufficient resources" to accomplish this task.

With regards to sharks, they are not only affected by overfishing but also by the fact that they are a migrant species.

It is therefore necessary to implement actions to protect these species and prevent their extinction.

Meanwhile, according to a documentary by Fundación MarViva, which operates in Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia, it is speculated that in 40 years all species used for commercial purposes and human consumption will disappear.

Vallejo called on international organizations and governments to address joint policies in order to prevent overfishing and urged for "management of fisheries resources and conservation, reports the EFE news agency.

For catching shrimp, bottom trawling is used, an activity which is seen as "very harmful" and with respect to the cultivation of this resource in mangroves, it is "impacting the life" of this ecosystem.

Finally, Vallejo criticized the industrial fishing sector because it catches more fish "than they really need to."

He lamented the fact that countries like the U.S., some European nations and Ecuador "give subsidies to industrial fisheries."

By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
14  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Oyster task force votes to keep Louisiana grounds closed เมื่อ: มกราคม 28, 2011, 06:25:59 AM

Byron Encalade, President of the Louisiana Oystermen Association. (Photo: YouTube/SaveUSEnergyJobs)

Oyster task force votes to keep Louisiana grounds closed

UNITED STATES
Friday, January 28, 2011, 01:00 (GMT + 9)


Louisiana's Oyster Task Force has decided it is still not a good time to open additional public oyster grounds for harvesting regardless of exhausted supplies after last year’s catastrophic BP oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico.

This week, the task force voted unequivocally against a motion by Al Sunseri, an oyster dealer, advising the opening of more public grounds east of the Mississippi River in Louisiana. According to a state Wildlife and Fisheries report, recent surveys found that hardly any young "spat" oysters there are in question.

The Oyster Task Force last year supported the state's conclusion to keep public grounds there closed indefinitely to prevent harming spat, AP reports.

Now, the opposition remaining on the task force, which encompasses harvesters and other representatives of the state oyster industry, is still overwhelming.

A lack of oyster spat is prevalent in certain coastal zones. This is puzzling the scientists who spoke at this week’s task force meeting, WWLTV reports.

"That's really alarming, when we see large areas, some of the areas that are the heart of the predominant oyster seed ground, we're not seeing the young spat this year," said John Tesvich, chairman of the Louisiana Oyster Task Force.

Oysters can only rebound if spat are present.

Oyster fisher and President of the Louisiana Oystermen Association Byron Encalade noted that harvesters oppose opening the public grounds both out of fear of damaging spat and of breaking the old shells to which the spat affix themselves.

"There's not enough oysters out there to justify going out there," he highlighted.

Meanwhile, Sunseri, owner of the struggling P&J Oyster Co, plus Mike Voisin, head of a family-owned oyster processing firm, both want to open the public areas.

Voisin tried last year too. He said Louisiana’s oyster harvesters and dealers are seeing their market share jeopardised by oysters from elsewhere in the US as well as abroad.

"Korean oysters. They're out there," he summarised.

Even though Sunseri's motion failed on a voice vote, task force members agreed to collaborate with the state more painstakingly survey the area and better resolve the availability of marketable oysters and spat.

Since the Deepwater Horizon accident in April 2010, supplies of Louisiana oysters have plunged. Precautionary closures of oyster areas impaired supplies at first, and later the flow of fresh inland waters into the salty oyster grounds devastated most of the stock.

The state's oysters mainly grow in privately leased waters that run year-round, but Voisin pointed out that the public waters which open comprise a noteworthy source.

Related articles:

- Protecting the future of the oyster industry

- Louisiana oyster industry struggling the most


By Natalia Real
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
15  Aquaculture and Fisheries News / Fisheries News / Dates set for anchovy season in southern zone เมื่อ: มกราคม 28, 2011, 06:22:54 AM

The anchovy and longnose anchovy season will begin on 11 February in the southern zone. (Photo: YouTube/sebastian24666)

Dates set for anchovy season in southern zone

PERU
Friday, January 28, 2011, 02:00 (GMT + 9)


The Ministry of Production (Produce) has authorized anchovy (Engraulis ringens) and longnose anchovy (Anchoa nasus) fishing from 11 February in the area between 16°00'00" South Latitude (Ático) and the extreme south of the maritime domain.

The authorities decided that the season will end on either 30 June or when the fleet has reached the Maximum Total Allowable Catch (MTAC) set at 400,000 tonnes of anchovy for indirect human consumption (IHC).

However, the closure date may be extended or reduced depending on environmental and biological conditions, as will be reported by the Peruvian Institute of Marine Affairs (Imarpe).

Fishing vessels may participate in the southern anchovy fishery only if they are registered and licensed by the Government to do so.

Licensed vessels must:

    * Use steel purse nets with a minimum mesh size of ½ inch (13 mm);
    * Perform under the Convenio de Fiel y Cabal Cumplimiento and in full accordance with the Special Regime of Fisheries of the South;
    * Make only one fishing trip in an interval of 24 hours;
    * Have on-board platforms with a Beacon Satellite Tracking System (Sisesat) which should permanently give satellite positioning signals.

The Produce also ordered a ban on the extraction and/or processing of anchovies and white anchovies which are smaller than 12 centimeters in length, allowing for a maximum tolerance of 10 per cent in the number of anchovy caught.

If recorded percentages are above the 10 per cent limit for daily landings when found at a specified port, they will be suspended from fishing activities, for a minimum period of three consecutive days in fishing areas.

According to the latest Statistical Bulletin prepared by the Produce, in November 2010, the Peruvian fleet landed 231,500 tonnes of anchovy, 79.7 per cent less than the same month of 2009, when 1,138,200 tonnes were unloaded.

Meanwhile, between January and November 2010, 3,173,400 tonnes of anchovy were landed, 35.1 per cent less than the same period in 2009 (4,893,400 tonnes).


By Analia Murias
editorial@fis.com
www.fis.com
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