Aquaculture and Fisheries News => Aquaculture News => ข้อความที่เริ่มโดย: Nicaonline ที่ กุมภาพันธ์ 20, 2006, 03:56:34 PM

หัวข้อ: Shrimp News Internationnal Feb 2006 no1
เริ่มหัวข้อโดย: Nicaonline ที่ กุมภาพันธ์ 20, 2006, 03:56:34 PM
Julio Estrada

In response to an item on the Shrimp List, Julio Estrada commented on the status of shrimp farming in Ecuador.

Around here, I'd say there've been major attitude changes since shrimp prices started heading south in 2000. Most farmers are no longer throwing money at magic solutions that will get them back to the golden days of near-100% rates of return. They are doing what's done in mature industries, tweaking their business to increase production efficiencies, watching costs and improving marketing. They've come to terms with the changed nature of the business. They continue to invest in research and development, but on a more modest (should I say "reasonable"?) scale.

On genetics, there's been progress. Ecuador was late in starting genetic programs, probably because we were blessed with plentiful supplies of wild seed that was more than "good enough".

Farmers' results definitely kept improving during 2005. Certainly there are quite a few semi-intensive farms now operating profitably, but not necessarily by getting huge yields. Some farmers don't even shoot for maximum yields. Instead, they opt for efficient operations and consistent results, meaning less time spent putting out fires, more time spent running the business.

Among the major players, there seems to be a consensus that the industry will go intensive. Shrimping remains highly addictive. It's amazing how few farmers ran away from the industry after the huge price drops in the early 2000s.

Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, ""). Subject: [shrimp] Shrimp industry situation. From: January 23, 2006.

La Niña-Cool It

According to the Associated Press, climate experts have confirmed the start of a new La Niña, a mild cooling of the tropical Pacific Ocean that often coincides with reduced production of shrimp along the Pacific coasts of Colombia, Peru and Ecuador and disrupted weather patterns along the Pacific coast of Central America that result in lower shrimp production. La Niña will probably last through late spring and possibly through the summer, said Edward A. O'Lenic, chief of the Climate Prediction Center at the USA National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. The center has confirmed jet stream changes and lower-than-normal water temperatures in parts of the Pacific Ocean in the past three months, Mr. O'Lenic said at a meeting of the Amen can Meteorological Society in Atlanta, Georgia, USA.

Sources: 1. The New York Times. National Briefing/Science and Health/La Niña Begins. February 3, 2006. 2. Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, February 3, 2006.

Burkhart Klein

In response to a discussion on the Shrimp List, Burkhart Klein commented on the status of world shrimp farming:

I'd like to add my two cents' worth on the state-of-the-art of shrimp farming technology:

I've become kind of obsessed with the idea of producing and supplying fresh shrimp to consumers in Europe. This can, of course, only be done by using indoor, recirculation systems.

I've designed, built and operated a number of test facilities in the range of a few kilos per week up to a semi-industrial plant with 2,500 m³ of culture tanks and 150 tons of product output per year from a three-step system that included a (verrrry) small processing facility (a Carnitech grader and packing area).

Right now I'm into a project producing some 1,000 tons per year in a country with low labor and energy costs for export into Europe.

Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, ""). AW: [shrimp] Digest Number 2101. From: January 26, 2006.

Hong Kong
Wants Money, Has Technology, Will Travel

I am a researcher with more than 20 years of research experience in shrimp endocrinology and reproductive biology. I am currently an Associate Professor at the University of Hong Kong. I have recently developed a technique to induce shrimp maturation in captivity and would like to discuss joint ventures or other means of funding from private organizations. Please email me for a copy of my CV. Information: Siu-Ming Chan, Associate Professor, Department of Zoology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (phone 852-2299-0864, fax 852-2857-4672, email

Source: AquaNic (The Aquaculture Network Information Center, a gateway to the world's electronic aquaculture resources, Shrimp Discussion Group ( Subject: Research Partnership/collaboration ( From: Dr. S.M. Chan. January 25, 2006.

Shrimp Head Powder

We are one of the largest producers of farmed shrimp in Andhra Pradesh (Krishna District). We also distribute shrimp feed and manufacture shrimp head powder.

Information: A. Ramakrishna, R.K. Enterprises, Swatantrapuram Koduru, Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh 521325, India (phone 098662-11258, email

Source: The Shrimp List (a mailing list for shrimp farmers, ""). Subject: [shrimp] shrimp head powder buyers inf plz. From: January 28, 2006.

Writer Paul Molyneaux

American writer Paul Molyneaux lives in Sonora, Mexico, part of the year. His first book, The Doryman's Reflection: A Fisherman's Life, tells his story of trying to make it as a commercial fisherman. His next book, which will probably be published in late 2006 or early 2007, covers salmon and shrimp farming. Paul will be in Sonora for the next couple of months and would like to visit some shrimp farms and hatcheries in the area. He can be contacted at

Source: Bob Rosenberry, Shrimp News International, Febraury 2, 2006.

New Caledonia
New Blue Blood

 In March 2005, shrimp farmers imported a strain of specific pathogen free Penaeus stylirostris, commonly called the "Western Blue Shrimp", from Hawaii to reinvigorate the local strain of "stylies" that has been farmed in New Caledonia for thirty generations. The new strain was held in quarantine for five months to assure its disease-free status. The decision to introduce the Hawaiian strain was taken by producers belonging to the Unité de Promotion et de Sélection des Races Aquacoles de Crevettes de Nouvelle-Calédonie (UPRAC-NC), along with researchers from IFREMER, the French government marine research group.

In December 2005, UPRAC-NC hatcheries imported Hawaiian postlarvae so that they could produce their own broodstock, which should be ready by September 2006.

Source: Fish Farming International ( Pacific Island Gets New Shrimp Strain. Volume 33, Number 1, Page 16, January 2006.

Vannamei Now

The Fisheries and Aquaculture Board (FAB) has requested that the government's ban on Penaeus vannamei farming be lifted immediately because experiments have shown that disease-free P. vannamei broodstock can be maintained in captivity.

Source: (an online, subscription-based, fisheries news service). Industry presses Philippines to immediately lift vannamei ban, saying it is not cost competitive. Editor and Publisher, John Sackton (phone 781-861-1441, email January 19, 2006.

Prime Minister Promises to Promote Shirmp Farming

Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra has promised to promote shrimp farming at Kor Jor village in Tambon Nom, pledging funds to enlarge existing farms to rival those in Suphan Buri. A source said some of the local residents had already signed contracts to farm shrimp for the CP Group, the country's largest agro-conglomerate.

Source: 1. The Belfast Telegraph (newspaper Northern Ireland). PM doles out riches to rural poor in reality TV stunt ( Jan McGirk. January 19, 2006. 2. Bangkok Post (English language newspaper, Bangkok, Thailand). PM makes fans in At Samat ( January 18, 2006.

United Kingdom
Wales-Worms to Replace Fish Meal

Port Talbot-based Dragon Baits, Ltd., aims to create 270 ragworm (polychaetes, Nereis virens) ponds on 112 acres in Laugharne. The worms will be used as an ingredient in a new shrimp feed. The company was given planning consent in 2002, but now faces objections from local residents who oppose the project.

Jack Done, chairman of the Llanmiloe Community Association, said, "We are still supporting it, and a lot of people are of that view. The ponds will be a meter high and landscaped. When people look over it, all they will see will be an expanse of water."

But a local group called Friends of the Local Environment has submitted a 283-signature petition that opposes the project. Spokesman John Gilbert said the group has a variety of concerns, including odors. Gilbert said, "It's just not in the right place. ...There is already planning consent for an adjacent farm, and we fail to see how the planners can allow two side by side on the burrows."

Source: BBC News (British Broadcasting Company, government). Fish bait farm splits community ( January 31, 2006.