Aquaculture and Fisheries News => Aquaculture News => ข้อความที่เริ่มโดย: Nicaonline ที่ พฤษภาคม 11, 2005, 04:28:59 PM

หัวข้อ: Shrimp farming 2004
เริ่มหัวข้อโดย: Nicaonline ที่ พฤษภาคม 11, 2005, 04:28:59 PM
On New Year’s Eve, December 31, 2003, the United States Department of Commerce, at the request of beleaguered shrimp fishermen in the southeastern United States, initiated a dumping action against shrimp from China, Vietnam, Thailand, India, Ecuador and Brazil.

The United States imports about $4 billion worth of shrimp every year, 88 percent of its supply, and the named countries account for about 70 perent of it—most of it farm-raised!  The surge in imports has lowered shrimp prices across the board, by 50 percent in some cases!

The shrimp fishermen say the six countries are selling shrimp at a higher price in their home markets than they are in the export market to the United States.  Even if they manage to get tariffs imposed, the shrimp fishermen face total collapse if they don’t learn to compete in the new world of lower shrimp prices.

The shrimp exporting countries, supported by USA shrimp importers, say shrimp prices are low because shrimp farmers have learned to produce shrimp for less than it costs the fishermen to catch them.

“Preliminary Determinations” handed down by the United States Department of Commerce in July 2004 support the fishermen’s side of the argument.  Brazil and China were hit with heavy duties; Thailand and Ecuador, with relatively light duties.  “Final Determinations” will be announced before the end of 2004.  They are likely to be lower than the preliminary determinations.  Then the International Trade Administration will hold hearings on the final determinations and render a final, final assessment of duties in early 2005.  A 25-page chronicle on the dumping story begins on page 5, and you’ll find references and reactions to dumping throughout this report.


World Shrimp Production

Accurate statistics on world shrimp farming do not exist.  How much farmed shrimp is produced every year?  How many hectares are devoted to shrimp farming?  How big will next year’s harvest be?  No one knows.  Here’s the way I see it:

In 2000 and 2001, after three years of great shrimp prices, new shrimp farming projects came online all over the world, particularly in Vietnam, Brazil and China.  Brazil quickly became the low-cost producer in the Western Hemisphere, while shrimp farmers in Asia learned to produce incredible yields of shrimp at incredibly low prices.  Governments throughout Asia encouraged the development of shrimp farming with land concessions, tax breaks, easy loans and technical assistance.  Consequently, from 1999 through 2004, production of farmed shrimp doubled, from approximately 1 million metric tons to an estimated 2 million metric tons.

Shrimp prices crashed in the spring of 2000 and still remain at historic lows.  China now leads the world in the production of farmed shrimp, surpassing Thailand, which held the crown for over a decade.  With production costs of somewhere around a dollar a pound for small, whole shrimp, China might produce 450,000 metric tons of farmed shrimp in 2004.

Vietnam will probably produce around 350,000 metric tons of farmed shrimp in 2004, also surpassing Thailand, which will probably produce around 300,000 metric tons.  When I added up all my guesses and estimates on the production of shrimp from farms and boats, it appears world production of shrimp hovers around 4 million metric tons, with shrimp farming accounting for 2 million metric tons, or 50 percent of world production!  In the last 30 years, shrimp farmers have doubled the world’s supply of shrimp